Wiktionary:Word of the day/Recycled pages/January

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1

Word of the day for January 1
maladroit adj
  1. Not adroit; awkward, clumsy, inept.
    The pilot episode of the British sitcom Mr. Bean was broadcast on this day in 1990.

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2

Word of the day for January 2
articulated skeleton n
  1. (paleontology) A fossil skeleton found all in one piece with the bones still arranged in the proper order.

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3

4

Word of the day for January 4
long pig n
  1. Human flesh used by cannibals of the Pacific as meat.

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5

Word of the day for January 5
Twelfth Night n
  1. A Christian festival marking the coming of Epiphany and concluding the Twelve Days of Christmas, traditionally falling on the evening of January 5 (i.e., on the eve of Twelfth Day, January 6), but also sometimes defined as falling on the evening of January 6 (i.e., on the evening of Twelfth Day itself).

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6

Word of the day for January 6
myrrhic adj
  1. Of, related to, or derived from myrrh.
    In Western Christianity, today is Epiphany, which commemorates the visit of the Magi to the Christ child.

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7

Word of the day for January 7
spade v
  1. To turn over soil with a spade to loosen the ground for planting.
  2. (videogaming) To collect and statistically analyze data, for the purpose of determining the underlying random number generator structure or numeric formula.

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8

Word of the day for January 8
raze v
  1. (transitive) To demolish; to level to the ground.
  2. (transitive) To scrape as if with a razor.

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9

Word of the day for January 9
strife n
  1. Conflict, sometimes violent, usually brief or limited in scope.

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10

Word of the day for January 10
constraint n
  1. Something that constrains; a restriction.
  2. (mathematics) A condition that a solution to an optimization problem must satisfy.
    Lord Acton (John Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton), the English historian, politician and writer whose famous statement "Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely" justifies constraints on government, was born on this day in 1834.

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11

Word of the day for January 11
adder n
  1. (obsolete) Any snake.
  2. A name loosely applied to various snakes more or less resembling the viper; a viper.
  3. (chiefly Britain) A small venomous serpent of the genus Vipera. The common European adder is the Vipera berus. The puff adders of Africa are species of the genus Bitis.
  4. (US, Canada) Any of several small nonvenomous snakes resembling the adder, such as the milk snake.
  5. The sea stickleback or sea adder.

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12

Word of the day for January 12
filibuster n
  1. A mercenary soldier; a freebooter.
  2. (politics, US) A tactic (such as giving long, often irrelevant speeches) employed to delay the proceedings of, or the making of a decision by, a legislative body, particularly the United States Senate.
  3. (politics, US) A member of a legislative body causing such an obstruction.
    One of the first filibusters in the United States Senate, involving an attempt to prevent a censure of President Andrew Jackson from being expunged from the Senate record, began on this date in 1837.

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13

Word of the day for January 13
peel v
  1. (transitive) To remove the skin or outer covering of.
  2. (transitive) To remove something from the outer or top layer of.
  3. (intransitive) To become detached, come away, especially in flakes or strips; to shed skin in such a way.
  4. (intransitive) To remove one's clothing.
  5. (intransitive) To move, separate (off or away). []

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14

Word of the day for January 14
scale n
  1. Part of an overlapping arrangement of many small, flat and hard pieces of keratin covering the skin of an animal, particularly a fish or reptile.
  2. A small piece of pigmented chitin, many of which coat the wings of a butterfly or moth to give them their color.
  3. A flake of skin of an animal afflicted with dermatitis.
  4. A pine nut of a pinecone.
  5. The flaky material sloughed off heated metal.
  6. Scale mail (as opposed to chain mail).
  7. Limescale.
  8. A scale insect.
  9. The thin metallic side plate of the handle of a pocketknife. []

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15

Word of the day for January 15
lather n
  1. The foam made by rapidly stirring soap and water.
  2. Foam from profuse sweating, as of a horse.
  3. A state of agitation.

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16

Word of the day for January 16
hearsay n
  1. Information that was heard by one person about another.
  2. (law) Evidence based on the reports of others rather than on personal knowledge, which is normally inadmissible because it was not made under oath.
  3. (law) An out-of-court statement offered in court for the truth of the matter asserted, which is normally inadmissible because it is not subject to cross-examination unless the hearsay statement falls under one of a number of exceptions.

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17

Word of the day for January 17
knuckle sandwich n
  1. (slang) A punch to the face, especially to the mouth.
    American boxer and activist Muhammad Ali was born on this day in 1942.

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18

Word of the day for January 18
slingshot v
  1. To move in a manner resembling a slingshot.
  2. (especially) To use the gravity of a moving planet to add momentum to a spacecraft.

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19

Word of the day for January 19
bust v
  1. (slang) To arrest for a crime.
  2. (slang) To catch someone in the act of doing something wrong, socially and morally inappropriate, or illegal, especially when being done in a sneaky or secretive state. []
  3. (US, informal) To reduce in rank. []

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20

Word of the day for January 20
aul n
  1. A village encampment in the Caucasus, Central Asia or the Southern Urals.
    The Republic of Dagestan was established on this day in 1921 as the Dagestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.

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21

Word of the day for January 21
scanno n
  1. A typographical error introduced by optical character recognition (OCR) software, which may mistake a letter or set of letters for a letter or set of letters of similar shape, as *tum for turn, or *Dosition for Position.

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22

23

Word of the day for August 26
psychopomp n
  1. (religion) A spirit, deity, person, etc., who guides the souls of the dead to the afterlife.

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24

Word of the day for January 24
obsidional adj
  1. Pertaining to a siege.

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25

Word of the day for January 25
Birds' Wedding n
  1. A custom among the Sorbs (Wends) of Lusatia in Germany, whereby on the evening of 24 January children put empty plates outside, and on the morning of 25 January they find pastries, meringues and candy in the form of birds, which are said to have been left for them by birds celebrating their wedding.

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26

Word of the day for January 26
mallee n
  1. (Australia) A type of scrubland with low-growing thick eucalypts, characteristic of certain parts of Australia.
  2. (Australia) Any semi-desert region of Australia where such scrub is the predominant vegetation.
  3. (Australia) Any of several low-growing eucalypts characteristic of such scrubland, especially Eucalyptus dumosa, Eucalyptus oleosa, and Eucalyptus socialis.
  4. (botany, Australia) The growth habit of certain eucalypt species that grow with multiple stems springing from an underground lignotuber, shared by species of related genera.
    Happy Australia Day from all of us at Wiktionary!

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27

Word of the day for January 27
whenwe n
  1. (slang) A former British settler or expatriate who talks nostalgically about his or her former home in colonial Africa.

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28

Word of the day for January 28
bathyscaphe n
  1. A self-propelled deep-sea diving submersible for exploring the ocean depths, consisting of a crew cabin similar to a bathysphere suspended below a float filled with a buoyant liquid such as petrol.
    Auguste Piccard, the inventor of the bathyscaphe, was born on this day in 1884.

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29

Word of the day for January 29
predestination n
  1. (theology) The doctrine that everything has been foreordained by a God, especially that certain people have been elected for salvation, and sometimes also that others are destined for reprobation.
  2. Destiny or fate.

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30

Word of the day for January 30
wash-ball n
  1. (archaic) A ball or cake of substance used for bathing or personal cleansing, or to produce a lather for shaving; a ball of soap.

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31

Word of the day for January 31
adder stone n
  1. A stone of varying forms and usually glassy with a naturally formed hole, which is often used as amulet or bead.

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