Open main menu

Wiktionary β

U+514B, 克
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-514B

[U+514A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+514C]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 10 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 十口竹山 (JRHU), four-corner 40216, composition or ⿱ or ⿳)

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 124, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1355
  • Dae Jaweon: page 263, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 269, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+514B

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
       





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰɯːɡ
*kʰɯːɡ
*kʰɯːɡ

Unclear – similar origin to , with additional stroke at top, now a (“cross”).

Also Simplified from .

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.

"gram": Short for 克蘭姆克兰姆., Borrowing from French gramme.

"Tibetan measuring vessel, Tibetan volume unit, Tibetan area unit":

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • khiak/khek - literary;
  • khat - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (131)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰək̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰək̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰək̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰək̚/
Li
Rong
/kʰək̚/
Wang
Li
/kʰək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ke
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ khok ›
Old
Chinese
/*kʰˤək/
English carry; able; dominate

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7480
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰɯːɡ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to be competent
  2. to win
  3. to encroach on
  4. to restrain
  5. to finish
  6. be able to
  7. to skimp
  8. to agree on
  9. harsh
  10. Alternative form of (, “to know”).
  11. to digest
  12. gram
  13. a Tibetan measuring vessel
  14. a Tibetan volume unit
  15. a Tibetan area unit
See alsoEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified and variant traditional form of .)
Notes:

JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(geuk) (hangeul , revised geuk, McCune-Reischauer kŭk)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khắc)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.