s

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s U+0073, s
LATIN SMALL LETTER S
r
[U+0072]
Basic Latin t
[U+0074]
ˢ U+02E2, ˢ
MODIFIER LETTER SMALL S
ˡ
[U+02E1]
Spacing Modifier Letters ˣ
[U+02E3]
𝆍 U+1D18D, 𝆍
MUSICAL SYMBOL SUBITO
𝆌
[U+1D18C]
Musical Symbols 𝆎
[U+1D18E]
U+FF53, s
FULLWIDTH LATIN SMALL LETTER S

[U+FF52]
Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms
[U+FF54]

Translingual edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms edit

  • ſ (archaic)

Letter edit

s (upper case S)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

Pronunciation edit

  • (file)

Symbol edit

s

  1. (IPA) a voiceless alveolar fricative.
    (superscript ⟨ˢ⟩) [s]-fricated release, [s]-coloring, or a weak, fleeting or epenthetic [s] – see ⟨ˢ⟩.
  2. Symbol for second, an SI unit of measurement of time.

Gallery edit

See also edit

Other representations of S:

English edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

s (lower case, upper case S, plural ss or s's)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the English alphabet, called ess and written in the Latin script.
Derived terms edit

Number edit

s (lower case, upper case S)

  1. The ordinal number nineteenth, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called ess and written in the Latin script.

Etymology 2 edit

Abbreviations. s

  1. (stenoscript) the sound /s/ in a word.
    (an orthographic ⟨s⟩ pronounced /z/ is transcribed z)
  2. (stenoscript) Abbreviation of us.
  3. (stenoscript) Abbreviation of saw.
  4. (stenoscript) the prefix or initial syllable sub-
    (some manuals advise capital S for the prefix sub-)

Noun edit

s

  1. (metrology) Abbreviation of scruple. (unit of mass in the apothecaries' system)
  2. (physics) Abbreviation of strange quark.
  3. Alternative form of s.
Derived terms edit

See also edit

Afar edit

Letter edit

s

  1. The fourth letter of the Afar alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Alemannic German edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Middle High German daz, from Old High German daz, from Proto-Germanic *þat, from Proto-Indo-European *tód, nominative and accusative singular neuter of *só. Cognate with German das, Dutch dat, English that, Icelandic það.

Article edit

s n

  1. (definite) the
    • 1978, Rolf Lyssey and Christa Maerker, Die Schweizermacher (transcript):
      Wüssed Si, Herr Bodmer, das isches, was ich so bewundere an de Schwitzer: Ire Humor. I jedere Situazion s’richtige Wort.
      You know, Mr Bodmer, that's what I admire about the Swiss – their humour. The right word for every situation.
    • 2010, Pedro Lenz, Der Goalie bin ig:
      D Wohnig isch d Wohnig und ds Business isch ds Business.
      Accommodation is accommodation, and business is business.

Declension edit

Alemannic German definite articles
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative/Accusative de
dr (Bern)
d s
ds (Bern)
d
Dative em der em de
  • Masculine nominative/accusative singular de has the form der before a vowel, e.g. der alt Maa ‘the old man’
  • Dative plural de has the form den before a vowel, e.g. den alte Fraue ‘(to) the old women’
  • Feminine singular d and plural d have the variant di before an adjective, e.g. di jung Mueter ‘the young mother’

Azerbaijani edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

s lower case (upper case S)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Basque edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /es̺e/, [e̞.s̺e̞]

Letter edit

s (lower case, upper case S)

  1. The twentieth letter of the Basque alphabet, called ese and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Czech edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Czech s, se, from Proto-Slavic *sъ(n).

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

s

  1. with [+instrumental]
    Antonyms: bez, beze
    setkat se s někýmto meet someone
    chléb s máslembread and butter
    s pozdravembest regards
  2. (dated, literary) down from, off [+genitive]
    Synonym: z
    dolů z/s kopcedown the hill
  3. (obsolete) enough for, stronger than, above [+accusative]
    1. today only found in these phrases:
      být s toto be capable
      sečas much as
      kdo s kohowho is stronger than whom

Usage notes edit

  • The more usual form is s, while se is used before words starting with s, z and certain consonant clusters.
  • The use with genitive is dated and normally replaced by z, but it can sometimes be seen in older literature.

Further reading edit

  • s in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • s in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

s (lower case, upper case S)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Dutch alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Egyptian edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

s

 m

  1. The object depicted in the hieroglyph
    s
    . The meaning of this term is uncertain. Possibilities include:
    1. A cloth

Inflection edit

Noun edit

sZ1

 m

  1. A vessel or container (made of gold) [18th dynasty]

Inflection edit

Noun edit

sG38

 m

  1. A type of waterfowl, perhaps the Eurasian teal (Anas crecca),[1] especially as an offering for the dead [Old Kingdom]
  2. Alternative form of sr (type of goose)

Inflection edit

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

s

 m

  1. Abbreviation of snb (health) in the formula ꜥnḫ wḏꜣ snb (life, prosperity, health)

Pronoun edit

s

 f sg 3. enclitic (‘dependent’) pronoun

  1. Alternative form of sj (she, her)

Pronoun edit

s

 m sg 3. enclitic (‘dependent’) pronoun

  1. Alternative form of sw (he, him) [Middle and New Kingdom]

Alternative forms edit

Romanization edit

s

  1. Alternative transliteration of z.

References edit

  1. ^ Berman, Lawrence M.; Bohač, Kenneth J. (1999) The Cleveland Museum of Art Catalogue of Egyptian Art, New York: Hudson Hills Press, page 140–141

Esperanto edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

s (lower case, upper case S)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called so and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Estonian edit

 
Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

s (lower case, upper case S)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Estonian alphabet, called ess and written in the Latin script.

Noun edit

s

  1. Abbreviation of sent; cent

See also edit

Faroese edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

s (upper case S)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Faroese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

The Finnish orthography using the Latin script was based on those of Swedish, German and Latin, and was first used in the mid-16th century. No earlier script is known. See the Wikipedia article on Finnish for more information, and s for information on the development of the glyph itself.

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

s (lower case, upper case S)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Finnish alphabet, called äs or es and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Noun edit

s

  1. (housing) Abbreviation of sauna (sauna).

French edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

s (lower case, upper case S)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the French alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Fula edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

s (lower case, upper case S)

  1. A letter of the Fula alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes edit

See also edit

Gothic edit

Romanization edit

s

  1. Romanization of 𐍃

Hungarian edit

Alternative forms edit

  • ſ (obsolete)

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈʃ]
  • (file)
  • (conjunction): IPA(key): [ˈʃ]
  • (letter name): IPA(key): [ˈɛʃː]

Conjunction edit

s

  1. and (short variant of és (and))

Derived terms edit

Compound words
Expressions

Letter edit

s

  1. The thirtieth letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called ess and written in the Latin script.

Declension edit

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative s s-ek
accusative s-et s-eket
dative s-nek s-eknek
instrumental s-sel s-ekkel
causal-final s-ért s-ekért
translative s-sé s-ekké
terminative s-ig s-ekig
essive-formal s-ként s-ekként
essive-modal
inessive s-ben s-ekben
superessive s-en s-eken
adessive s-nél s-eknél
illative s-be s-ekbe
sublative s-re s-ekre
allative s-hez s-ekhez
elative s-ből s-ekből
delative s-ről s-ekről
ablative s-től s-ektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
s-é s-eké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
s-éi s-ekéi
Possessive forms of s
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. s-em s-eim
2nd person sing. s-ed s-eid
3rd person sing. s-e s-ei
1st person plural s-ünk s-eink
2nd person plural s-etek s-eitek
3rd person plural s-ük s-eik

See also edit

Further reading edit

  • (sound, letter, and abbreviation): s in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • (and): s in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Ido edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (context pronunciation) IPA(key): /s/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /se/

Letter edit

s (upper case S)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Italian edit

Letter edit

s f or m (invariable, lower case, upper case S)

  1. The seventeenth letter of the Italian alphabet, called esse and written in the Latin script.

Japanese edit

Etymology edit

Short of さん (san).

Suffix edit

s(さん) (-san

  1. (Internet slang) Alternative spelling of さん (san)

Related terms edit

Kashubian edit

Etymology edit

The Kashubian orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the Kashubian alphabet article on Wikipedia for more, and s for development of the glyph itself.

Letter edit

s (lower case, upper case S)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Kashubian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Latvian edit

 
Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology edit

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation edit

  This entry needs an audio pronunciation. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record this word. The recorded pronunciation will appear here when it's ready.

Letter edit

 
S

s (lower case, upper case S)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Latvian alphabet, called es and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Livonian edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

s (upper case S)

  1. The thirty-first letter of the Livonian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Malay edit

Letter edit

s (lower case, upper case S)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Maltese edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /s/
  • IPA(key): /z/ (by assimilation to a following voiced obstruent)

Letter edit

s (lower case, upper case S)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Maltese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Mòcheno edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle High German ëz, iz, from Old High German iz, from Proto-West Germanic *it, from Proto-Germanic *it, nominative/accusative singular neuter of *iz. Cognate with German es.

Pronoun edit

s

  1. it
Inflection edit
Personal pronouns
singular plural
1st person i biar
2nd person du ir
3rd person er, si, s sei

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle High German daz, from Old High German daz, from Proto-Germanic *þat. Cognate with German das, English that.

Article edit

s (masculine der, feminine de, plural de)

  1. the, nominative singular neuter definite article

References edit

Norwegian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /esː/, /ɛsː/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /s/, (in sj, skj, sk, sl) /ʃ/, (in rs) /ʂ/
  • (file)

Letter edit

s

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Norwegian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Nupe edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

s (lower case, upper case S)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Nupe alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Old Polish edit

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

s

  1. Alternative form of z

Polish edit

Etymology edit

The Polish orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the history of Polish orthography article on Wikipedia for more, and s for development of the glyph itself.

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

s (upper case S, lower case)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Polish alphabet, called es and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Portuguese edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter name: (esse)

 

Letter edit

s (lower case, upper case S)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Alternative forms edit

Adverb edit

s

  1. (Brazil, Internet slang, text messaging) Abbreviation of sim (yes).

Noun edit

s m (plural ss)

  1. (Brazil, Internet slang, text messaging) Abbreviation of sim (yes).

Interjection edit

s

  1. (Brazil, Internet slang, text messaging) Abbreviation of sim (yes).

Etymology 3 edit

Noun edit

s m (uncountable)

  1. Abbreviation of segundo.
    1. used to indicate any sequence of time in seconds
      O atleta completou a corrida em 1h20min45s
      The athlete completed the race in 1 hour, 21 minutes and 45 seconds
Usage notes edit
  • This abbreviation uses no spaces or points and must always follow a number.
  • This abbreviation is often preceded by a number followed by m, used to represent minutes, which can be in turn preceded by h, to represent hours.
    • Example: 20h43min08s

Romani edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

s (lower case, upper case S)

  1. (International Standard) The twenty-fourth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  2. (Pan-Vlax) The twenty-fifth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Romanian edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

s (lower case, upper case S)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Romanian alphabet, called es, se, or and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Saanich edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

s

  1. The thirty-ninth letter of the Saanich alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Scottish Gaelic edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

s (lower case, upper case S)

  1. The sixteenth letter of the Scottish Gaelic alphabet, written in the Latin script. It is preceded by r and followed by t. Its traditional name is suil (willow).

See also edit

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology 1 edit

See Translingual section.

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

s (Cyrillic spelling с)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Serbo-Croatian alphabet, written in the Latin script.
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *sъ(n), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱom.

Alternative forms edit

  • sa (see usage notes)

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

s (Cyrillic spelling с)

  1. with, together with, along with [+instrumental]
    raditi s nekimto work with somebody
    svađati se s nekimto quarrel with somebody
    ratovati s nekimto wage war with somebody
    d(j)evojka s plavom kosoma girl with blonde hair
    s godinama dolazi mudrostwith age comes wisdom
    s ljubavljuwith love
    pozdraviti se jedno s drugimpart ways with each other
    • 1898, Vojislav Stanković, “Đurđevdan”, in Stari Dani[1], page 1:
      Gledam živu, tesnu ulicu, ograđenu visokim zidovima, s velikim kapijama i razgranatim drvećem, koje se pruža, te je kiti zelenom.
      I look at lively, narrow streets, high fenced walls, with large gates and branched trees, which stretch, and adorn it with green.
  2. from, off [+genitive]
    pao sam sa stabla.I fell from the tree.
    s druge straneon the other side
    sa zapadafrom the west
    s leđafrom the back
    promatrati s prozorato observe from the window
    ljudi s planinepeople from the mountain
  3. (proscribed, shortening of iz tog) (+ genitive case) because of (= iz, zbȍg)
    s tog razlogafor that reason
  4. miscellaneous prepositional senses in phrases that employ a connection [+instrumental]
    Šta/što je s tobom?What's wrong with you?
    s vremenomin time
    • 1942-1945, Ivo Andrić, chapter 1, in Na Drini Ćuprija[2]:
      Tako su se i ovde, s vremenom, rojile kuće i množila naselja na oba kraja mosta.
      Here also in time the houses crowded together and the settlemnts multiplied at both ends of the bridge.
Usage notes edit

s takes the alternative form sa in the following environments:

  • before the sibilants /s, š, z, ž/:
    sa stránē
    aside
    sa škȏlōm
    with school
    sa zȗbom
    with the tooth
    sa žìvotom
    with life
  • before consonant clusters where the second consonant is /s, š, z, ž/:
    sa psȍm
    with the dog
    sa pšènicōm
    with wheat
    sa ȑzānjem
    with neighing
  • before the instrumental form of the first-person pronoun (I)
    sa mnȏm
    with me

Etymology 3 edit

Shortening of srednji rod.

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

s (Cyrillic spelling с)

  1. (grammar) neuter gender

Silesian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈs/
  • Rhymes: -s
  • Syllabification: s

Etymology 1 edit

The Silesian orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the Silesian language article on Wikipedia for more, and s for development of the glyph itself.

Letter edit

s (lower case, upper case S)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Silesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Preposition edit

s

  1. Alternative form of z

Skolt Sami edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

s (upper case S)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Slovak edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *sъ(n).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /s/
  • IPA(key): (before voiced and sonorous consonants and before vowels) /z/

Preposition edit

s (+ instrumental)

  1. with
    Antonyms: bez, bezo
    Tancujem s tebou.
    I am dancing with you.
    • 1903, Jozef Gregor Tajovský, Maco Mlieč :
      Gazda vystrojil mu krásny pohreb s kňazom.
      The farmer held a beautiful funeral with a priest for him.

Usage notes edit

  • The non-sylabic variant s is used when the next word does not begin with s, z, š or ž or with a consonant cluster containing one of these consonants. In all other cases, the variant so is used.

Further reading edit

  • s”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Slovene edit

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

s

  1. Alternative form of z, used before a voiceless consonant

Further reading edit

  • s”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran
  • s”, in Termania, Amebis
  • See also the general references

Spanish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): (phoneme) /s/, /s̺/, /s̄/
  • IPA(key): (letter name) /ˈese/ [ˈe.se]

Letter edit

s (lower case, upper case S)

  1. The twentieth letter of the Spanish alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Swedish edit

Letter edit

s (lower case, upper case S)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Swedish alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Derived terms edit

See also edit

Noun edit

s

  1. page; Abbreviation of sida.

Tagalog edit

Etymology edit

From Spanish s. Each pronunciation has a different source:

  • Filipino alphabet pronunciation is influenced by English s.
  • Abakada alphabet pronunciation is influenced by Baybayin character (sa).
  • Abecedario pronunciation is from Spanish s.

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: s
  • (letter name, Filipino alphabet): IPA(key): /ʔes/, [ʔɛs]
  • (letter name, Abakada alphabet): IPA(key): /sa/, [sɐ]
  • (letter name, Abecedario): IPA(key): /ˈʔese/, [ˈʔɛ.sɛ]
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /s/, [s]
  • Rhymes: -es, -a, -ese

Letter edit

s (lower case, upper case S, Baybayin spelling ᜁᜐ᜔)

  1. The twenty-first letter of the Tagalog alphabet (Filipino alphabet), called es and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Letter edit

s (lower case, upper case S, Baybayin spelling )

  1. The sixteenth letter of the Tagalog alphabet (Abakada alphabet), called sa and written in the Latin script.

Letter edit

s (lower case, upper case S, Baybayin spelling ᜁᜐᜒ)

  1. (historical) The twenty-second letter of the Tagalog alphabet (Abecedario), called ese and written in the Latin script.

Further reading edit

  • s”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018

Tarifit edit

Preposition edit

s (Tifinagh spelling )

  1. instrumental marker
    1. expresses the means or cause: by means of, with (instrumental)
      ixeddem s ufus
      He works with his hand.
      tessiweř s Tmaziɣt
      She spoke (using) Berber.
    2. used to express temporal expressions
      iffeɣ s ǧiret, idwer-d s wass
      He left at night, he returned at day.
    3. used in numeral constructions
      udfen s sebɛa
      They came in with the seven of them.

Usage notes edit

When standing alone s takes the form zi, when used before a pronoun it takes the form zzay.

Turkish edit

Letter edit

s (lower case, upper case S)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Turkish alphabet, called se and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Turkmen edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

s (upper case S)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Turkmen alphabet, called es and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Yoruba edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

s (lower case, upper case S)

  1. The twentieth letter of the Yoruba alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Zulu edit

Letter edit

s (lower case, upper case S)

  1. The nineteenth letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit