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U+8F9F, 辟
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8F9F

[U+8F9E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8FA0]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 160 +6, 13 strokes, cangjie input 尸口卜廿十 (SRYTJ), four-corner 70641, composition ⿰⿸)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1251, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38642
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1730, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4037, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+8F9F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*peːɡs
*beːɡs, *preːɡ
*beːɡs
*peɡs
*pʰeɡs
*beɡs
*preːɡ
*preːɡ
*preːɡ, *pʰreːɡ
*preːɡ
*breːɡ, *peːɡ
*peɡ, *pʰeɡ, *beɡ
*peɡ
*peɡ
*peɡ
*peɡ
*pʰeɡ, *pʰeːɡ
*pʰeɡ, *pʰeːɡ
*pʰeɡ, *peːɡ
*beɡ
*beɡ
*beɡ
*peːɡ
*peːɡ
*pʰeːɡ
*pʰeːɡ
*pʰeːɡ
*pʰeːɡ
*beːɡ
鷿 *beːɡ
*mbeːɡ

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  +  – a beheading (口 is the head), the law. Compare .

Etymology 1Edit

Pronunciation 1Edit


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pi⁵¹/
Harbin /pʰi²¹³/
Tianjin /pʰi⁵³/
Jinan /pi²¹/
Qingdao /pʰi⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /pʰi²⁴/
/pi³¹²/
Xi'an /pʰi⁵³/
Xining /pʰji⁵³/
Yinchuan /pʰi⁵³/
Lanzhou /pʰi¹³/
Ürümqi /pi²¹³/
Wuhan /pʰi²¹³/
Chengdu /pʰi³¹/
/pʰie³¹/
Guiyang /pʰi²¹/
Kunming /pʰi³¹/
Nanjing /piʔ⁵/
Hefei /pʰiəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /piəʔ²/
Pingyao /pʰiʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /pʰiəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /pʰiɪʔ⁵/
/piɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /pʰiəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /pʰiəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /pi²¹³/
Hui Shexian /pʰiʔ²¹/
Tunxi /pi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /pʰi²⁴/
Xiangtan /pʰi²⁴/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /pʰit̚¹/
Taoyuan /pʰit̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰek̚⁵/
Nanning /pʰek̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /pʰek̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pik̚³²/
/pʰik̚³²/ 復~
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /piʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pʰi²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fek̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (3)
Final () (123)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/biᴇk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/biɛk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/biæk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/biajk̚/
Li
Rong
/biɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/bĭɛk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯ɛk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ bek › ‹ bjiek › ‹ pjiek ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]ˤek/ /*[N]-pek/ /*pek/
English inner coffin law, rule; lawful ruler, prince

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 3/3
No. 675 684
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*peɡ/ /*beɡ/
DefinitionsEdit

  1. law
  2. ruler
  3. government official
  4. dead husband
  5. large
  6. crime
  7. punishment
  8. to administer
  9. to learn from
  10. clear
  11. to call up
  12. rule
  13. to twiddle hemp
  14. to remove
  15. to refute
  16. a kind of animal similar to spider
  17. Alternative form of .
  18. Alternative form of ().
  19. Alternative form of ().
  20. Alternative form of .
  21. Alternative form of ().
  22. Alternative form of ().
  23. Alternative form of ().
  24. A surname​.
CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Note:
  • piak/pek/phiak/phek - literary;
  • phiah - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pi⁵¹/
Harbin /pʰi²¹³/
Tianjin /pʰi⁵³/
Jinan /pi²¹/
Qingdao /pʰi⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /pʰi²⁴/
/pi³¹²/
Xi'an /pʰi⁵³/
Xining /pʰji⁵³/
Yinchuan /pʰi⁵³/
Lanzhou /pʰi¹³/
Ürümqi /pi²¹³/
Wuhan /pʰi²¹³/
Chengdu /pʰi³¹/
/pʰie³¹/
Guiyang /pʰi²¹/
Kunming /pʰi³¹/
Nanjing /piʔ⁵/
Hefei /pʰiəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /piəʔ²/
Pingyao /pʰiʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /pʰiəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /pʰiɪʔ⁵/
/piɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /pʰiəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /pʰiəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /pi²¹³/
Hui Shexian /pʰiʔ²¹/
Tunxi /pi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /pʰi²⁴/
Xiangtan /pʰi²⁴/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /pʰit̚¹/
Taoyuan /pʰit̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰek̚⁵/
Nanning /pʰek̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /pʰek̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pik̚³²/
/pʰik̚³²/ 復~
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /piʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pʰi²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fek̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (2)
Final () (123)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʰiᴇk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʰiɛk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰiæk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pʰiajk̚/
Li
Rong
/pʰiɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/pʰĭɛk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰi̯ɛk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
pi
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 682
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pʰeɡ/
DefinitionsEdit

  1. to open
  2. to open up
  3. to develop
  4. to defense
  5. perimeter
  6. humble
  7. remote
  8. evil
  9. side
  10. inclined
  11. small
  12. despicable people; baggage; bitch
  13. half
  14. thorough
  15. Alternative form of .
  16. Alternative form of (bēi).
  17. Alternative form of ().
  18. Alternative form of ().
  19. Alternative form of ().
  20. Alternative form of ().
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Glyph originEdit

Simplified from (elimination of ).

Etymology 3Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Etymology 4Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(baek, byeok, pi, bi, mi) (hangeul , , , , , revised baek, byeok, pi, bi, mi, McCune-Reischauer paek, pyŏk, p'i, bi, mi, Yale payk, pyek, phi, pi, mi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.