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Contents

TranslingualEdit

trad. 辟/
simpl.

EtymologyEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  +  – a beheading (口 is the head), the law. Compare .

Exists as traditional character, but also Simplified from (elimination of )

Han characterEdit

(radical 160 +6, 13 strokes, cangjie input 尸口卜廿十 (SRYTJ), four-corner 70641, composition ⿰⿸)

  1. law, rule
  2. open up, develop

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1251, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38642
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1730, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4037, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+8F9F

ChineseEdit

trad. /
simp.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pi⁵¹/
Harbin /pʰi²¹³/
Tianjin /pʰi⁵³/
Jinan /pi²¹/
Qingdao /pʰi⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /pʰi²⁴/
/pi³¹²/
Xi'an /pʰi⁵³/
Xining /pʰji⁵³/
Yinchuan /pʰi⁵³/
Lanzhou /pʰi¹³/
Ürümqi /pi²¹³/
Wuhan /pʰi²¹³/
Chengdu /pʰi³¹/
/pʰie³¹/
Guiyang /pʰi²¹/
Kunming /pʰi³¹/
Nanjing /piʔ⁵/
Hefei /pʰiəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /piəʔ²/
Pingyao /pʰiʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /pʰiəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /pʰiɪʔ⁵/
/piɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /pʰiəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /pʰiəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /pi²¹³/
Hui Shexian /pʰiʔ²¹/
Tunxi /pi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /pʰi²⁴/
Xiangtan /pʰi²⁴/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /pʰit̚¹/
Taoyuan /pʰit̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰek̚⁵/
Nanning /pʰek̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /pʰek̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pik̚³²/
/pʰik̚³²/ 復~
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /piʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pʰi²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fek̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (3) (1) (2)
Final () (123) (123) (123)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () III III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/biᴇk̚/ /piᴇk̚/ /pʰiᴇk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/biɛk̚/ /piɛk̚/ /pʰiɛk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/biæk̚/ /piæk̚/ /pʰiæk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/biajk̚/ /piajk̚/ /pʰiajk̚/
Li
Rong
/biɛk̚/ /piɛk̚/ /pʰiɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/bĭɛk̚/ /pĭɛk̚/ /pʰĭɛk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯ɛk̚/ /pi̯ɛk̚/ /pʰi̯ɛk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bi pi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ bek › ‹ bjiek › ‹ pjiek ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]ˤek/ /*[N]-pek/ /*pek/
English inner coffin law, rule; lawful ruler, prince

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 675 682 684
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*peɡ/ /*pʰeɡ/ /*beɡ/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(baek, byeok, pi, bi, mi) (hangeul , , , , , revised baek, byeok, pi, bi, mi, McCune-Reischauer paek, pyŏk, p'i, bi, mi, Yale payk, pyek, phi, pi, mi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tịch, vếch, tích, bích, thịch, phích, thí)

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