k

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k U+006B, k
LATIN SMALL LETTER K
j
[U+006A]
Basic Latin l
[U+006C]
U+1D4F, ᵏ
MODIFIER LETTER SMALL K

[U+1D4E]
Phonetic Extensions
[U+1D50]
U+FF4B, k
FULLWIDTH LATIN SMALL LETTER K

[U+FF4A]
Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms
[U+FF4C]

Translingual

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English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Letter

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k (upper case K)

  1. The eleventh letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

Pronunciation

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  • (Voiceless velar plosive):
    IPA:(file)

Symbol

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English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

k

  1. (IPA) a voiceless velar plosive.
    (superscript ⟨ᵏ⟩) – See ⟨ᵏ⟩.
  2. (geology) the permeability of a material for fluids
  3. (physics) the spring constant of an elastic material
  4. (physics) Boltzmann's constant

Noun

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k

  1. (numbers) Abbreviation of thousand. (1000) (taken from the SI-prefix k- for kilo- meaning 1000's multiplier)
    (finance) €500k = 500,000 Euros
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See also

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The template Template:Letter does not use the parameter(s):
Character=K
Please see Module:checkparams for help with this warning.

Other representations of K:

English

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Etymology 1

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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k (lower case, upper case K, plural ks or k's)

  1. The eleventh letter of the English alphabet, called kay and written in the Latin script.
  2. The first letter of callsigns allocated to American broadcast television and radio stations west of the Mississippi river.
See also
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Number

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k (lower case, upper case K)

  1. The ordinal number eleventh, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called kay and written in the Latin script.

Etymology 2

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From kilo-.

Noun

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k (plural ks or k's)

  1. (computing) A kilobyte (more formally KB or kB).
  2. (computing) A kilobit (more formally kb), especially in measuring Internet connection.
  3. (colloquial) kilometre or kilometres.
    We drove 15 ks before we realised Billy wasn't in the back seat.
  4. (colloquial) thousand or thousands.
    Just about 65 k of Jack's full salary comes from servicing the Baker account.
  5. The SI measurement value of 1,000
Derived terms
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Etymology 3

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Clipping of OK.

Interjection

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k

  1. (colloquial, text messaging, Internet slang) OK
    Synonym: 'kay
Usage notes
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"k" usually implies apathy or anger towards the statement it is responding to,[1] in a less emphatic way than "K".

Derived terms
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References

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Etymology 4

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Abbreviations.

  1. (stenoscript) Abbreviation of can.
  2. (stenoscript) Abbreviation of come and inflections coming, came.
  3. (stenoscript) the prefix con- or com-.

Usage notes

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  • Phonetically, /k/ is always ⟨k⟩. ⟨c⟩ is used for /tʃ/.

Afar

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Letter

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k

  1. The seventh letter of the Afar alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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Ainu

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Etymology

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Contraction of ku.

Pronunciation

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Pronoun

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k= (Kana spelling )

  1. (Saru, before vowels) I (first-person singular subject pronoun)

Usage notes

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Used before verbs and adjectives to express the first person. When isolated, kuani is used. They can also be used together, thus:

Kuani k=arpa wa ku=ye. ― I will go and tell him.

See also

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Azerbaijani

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Pronunciation

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  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /c/, /ç/, /k/

Letter

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k lower case (upper case K)

  1. The sixteenth letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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Basque

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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k (lower case, upper case K)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Basque alphabet, called ka and written in the Latin script.

See also

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Chinese

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For pronunciation and definitions of k – see K (“karaoke; etc.”).
(This character is a variant form of K).

Chipewyan

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Pronunciation

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  1. IPA(key): /kʰ/

Letter

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k (upper case K)

  1. A letter of the Chipewyan alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Czech

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Etymology

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Inherited from Old Czech k, from Proto-Slavic *kъ(n).

Pronunciation

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  • (before a vowel or a voiceless consonant) IPA(key): [k]
  • (before a voiced consonant) IPA(key): [ɡ]
  • Audio:(file)

Preposition

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k [+dative]

  1. to, toward, towards (movement towards a person)
    Šel jsem si k mému bratrovi pro půjčku.I went to my brother for a loan.
    Měla bys jít k lékařovi.You should go to a doctor.
  2. to (in the direction of rather than a destination)
    V jedné chvíli jsem si uvědomila, že jdu směrem k domu.At some point, i found myself walking towards the house.
  3. to, up to
    takže jsem vstala a šla k oknu.So I got up and I went to the window.
    Od nevyšších k nejnižším.From the highest to the lowest.
  4. for, to (purpose)
    Co si dáš k obědu?What will you have for lunch?
    něco k jídlu.Something to eat.
    všechno zlé je k něčemu dobré.Everything bad is good for something.

Usage notes

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This preposition is followed by the dative case.

Synonyms

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Further reading

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  • k in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • k in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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k (lower case, upper case K)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Dutch alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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  • Previous letter: j
  • Next letter: l
  • 'k

Esperanto

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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k (lower case, upper case K)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called ko and written in the Latin script.

See also

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Conjunction

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k

  1. Abbreviation of kaj (and).
    • 1938, Alardo Prats, translated by Pario, Fronto k Postfronto de Aragonio, page 24:
      Io mortis en Hispanio k io ega k brilega naskiĝis.
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
    • 1948, Gaston Waringhien, Leteroj de L.-L. Zamenhof: La Tragedio de Lia Vivo Rivelita de Lia Ĵus Retrovita Korespondo kun la Francaj Eminentuloj, Edlonis S.A.T., →OCLC, page 9:
      Cetere li bone konsciis sian valoron, tiris el ĝi orgojlon, kompleze flegadis sian « mi », k rapide senpacienciĝis, se li renkontis kontraŭulon, kiu rifuzis lasi sin persvadi de liaj rezonoj.
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
    • 2003 January 13, Sebastian Hartwig, “Re: 'Ghisdate pri Esperanto' hodiau en la boksmala”, in soc.culture.esperanto[1] (Usenet), retrieved 2017-05-17:
      SAS estas ja nur aerkompanio de tiuj tri landoj. (Ferooj k Gr(o)enlando apartenas al Danio, Islando havas propran kompanion Loftleidir (krom pli nova Viking Air).)
      SAS is really just an airline of those three countries. (the Faroe Islands and Greenland belong to Denmark, Iceland has its own company Loftleidir (besides a newer Viking Air).)

Synonyms

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  • &
  • (text messaging) K

Estonian

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Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et

Pronunciation

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Letter

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k (lower case, upper case K)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Estonian alphabet, called kaa and written in the Latin script.

See also

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Faroese

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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k (upper case K)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Faroese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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Finnish

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Etymology

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The Finnish orthography using the Latin script was based on those of Swedish, German and Latin, and was first used in the mid-16th century. No earlier script is known. See the Wikipedia article on Finnish for more information, and k for information on the development of the glyph itself.

Pronunciation

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Letter

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k (lower case, upper case K)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Finnish alphabet, called koo and written in the Latin script.

See also

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Noun

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k

  1. (housing) Abbreviation of keittiö (kitchen).

French

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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k (lower case, upper case K)

  1. The eleventh letter of the French alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Fula

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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k (lower case, upper case K)

  1. A letter of the Fula alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

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See also

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Gothic

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Romanization

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k

  1. Romanization of 𐌺

Hungarian

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Pronunciation

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  • (phoneme): IPA(key): [ˈk]
  • (letter name): IPA(key): [ˈkaː]

Letter

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k (lower case, upper case K)

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

Declension

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Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative k k-k
accusative k-t k-kat
dative k-nak k-knak
instrumental k-val k-kkal
causal-final k-ért k-kért
translative k-vá k-kká
terminative k-ig k-kig
essive-formal k-ként k-kként
essive-modal
inessive k-ban k-kban
superessive k-n k-kon
adessive k-nál k-knál
illative k-ba k-kba
sublative k-ra k-kra
allative k-hoz k-khoz
elative k-ból k-kból
delative k-ról k-król
ablative k-tól k-któl
non-attributive
possessive - singular
k-é k-ké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
k-éi k-kéi
Possessive forms of k
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. k-m k-im
2nd person sing. k-d k-id
3rd person sing. k-ja k-i
1st person plural k-nk k-ink
2nd person plural k-tok k-itok
3rd person plural k-juk k-ik

See also

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Further reading

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  • k in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Pronunciation

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  • (context pronunciation) IPA(key): /k/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /ke/

Letter

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k (upper case K)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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Indonesian

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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k (lower case, upper case K)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Indonesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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Italian

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Letter

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k f or m (invariable, lower case, upper case K)

  1. the eleventh letter of the Latin alphabet, called cappa or kappa in Italian

Usage notes

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  • The letter K is not considered part of the contemporary Italian alphabet. See under K.

Kashubian

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Etymology

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The Kashubian orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the Kashubian alphabet article on Wikipedia for more, and k for development of the glyph itself.

Letter

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k (lower case, upper case K)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Kashubian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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Latin

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Letter

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k

  1. The tenth letter of the Latin alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Latvian

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Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology

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Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation

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Letter

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K

k (lower case, upper case K)

  1. The sixteenth letter of the Latvian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See also

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Livonian

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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k (upper case K)

  1. The sixteenth letter of the Livonian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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Lower Sorbian

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Letter

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k (upper case K)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Lower Sorbian alphabet, called ka and written in the Latin script.

Etymology 2

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From Proto-Slavic *kъ(n).

Alternative forms

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  • ku (before ch, g, and k)

Preposition

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k (with dative)

  1. to

See also

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Lushootseed

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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k

  1. The seventeenth letter of the Lushootseed alphabet, pronounced as a voiceless velar stop.

Malay

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Letter

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k (lower case, upper case K)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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Maltese

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /k/
  • IPA(key): /ɡ/ (per assimilation to a following voiced obstruent)

Letter

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k (lower case, upper case K)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Maltese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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Norwegian

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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k

  1. The eleventh letter of the Norwegian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

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Nupe

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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k (lower case, upper case K)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Nupe alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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Old Polish

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Pronunciation

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Preposition

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k [+dative]

  1. Alternative form of ku

References

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Polish

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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The Polish orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the history of Polish orthography article on Wikipedia for more, and k for development of the glyph itself.

Letter

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k (upper case K, lower case)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Polish alphabet, called ka and written in the Latin script.
See also
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Etymology 2

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Preposition

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k [+dative]

  1. Middle Polish form of ku

Further reading

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  • k in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

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Letter

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k (lower case, upper case K)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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Romani

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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k (lower case, upper case K)

  1. (International Standard) The fourteenth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  2. (Pan-Vlax) The fifteenth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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Romanian

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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k (lower case, upper case K)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Romanian alphabet, called ca or capa and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

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Used only in loanwords and some proper nouns.

See also

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Serbo-Croatian

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Etymology 1

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See Translingual section.

Alternative forms

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  • K (uppercase)

Pronunciation

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Letter

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k (Cyrillic spelling к)

  1. The 15th letter of the Serbo-Croatian Latin alphabet (gajica), preceded by j and followed by l.

Etymology 2

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *kъ(n), from Proto-Indo-European *kom.

Alternative forms

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  • ka (see usage notes)

Preposition

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k (Cyrillic spelling к) (+ dative case)

  1. to
  2. towards
Usage notes
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Although both k and ka can be used synonymously, k must take the alternative form ka in the following environment:

  • before /k, g, h/:
    ka kućito/towards home
    ka graduto/towards the city
    ka hladuto/towards the shade
  • before consonant clusters with emphasis on /k, g, h/:
    ka školito/towards school
    ka zgradito/towards the building
    ka hladuto/towards the shade
Synonyms
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  • ka (see usage notes)

Silesian

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Etymology

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The Silesian orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the Silesian language article on Wikipedia for more, and k for development of the glyph itself.

Letter

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k (lower case, upper case K)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Silesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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Skolt Sami

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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k (upper case K)

  1. The eighteenth letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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Spanish

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Etymology 1

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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k (lower case, upper case K)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Spanish alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Etymology 2

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Pronunciation

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Conjunction

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k

  1. (slang) Abbreviation of que.

Pronoun

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k

  1. (slang) Abbreviation of que.

Etymology 3

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Pronunciation

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Adjective

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k

  1. (Argentina) Alternative letter-case form of K: kirchnerista
    Antonyms: anti-K, antikirchnerista

Swedish

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Pronunciation

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Letter name
Phoneme

Letter

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k (lower case, upper case K)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Swedish alphabet, called and written in the Latin script. Pronounced /k/ in front of a, o, u and å and /ɕ/ in front of e, i, y, ä and ö (some loan words might ignore this rule).

Tagalog

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Etymology 1

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Borrowed from Spanish k. Each pronunciation has a different source:

  • Filipino alphabet pronunciation is influenced by English k.
  • Abakada alphabet pronunciation is influenced by Baybayin character (ka).
  • Abecedario pronunciation is from Spanish k.

The use of ⟨k⟩ instead of using the Spanish-based ⟨c⟩ and ⟨q⟩ was promoted in the late 19th century primarily by the educated (such as José Rizal and Trinidad Pardo de Tavera) because of the Baybayin character primarily being applicable to all vowels, as well as the ease of usage with Tagalog grammar rules. Its order in the Abakada alphabet was due to the order of the similar sounding ⟨c⟩ in the Spanish alphabet.

Pronunciation

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  • (Standard Tagalog)
    • IPA(key): /ˈkej/ [ˈkɛɪ̯] (letter name, Filipino alphabet)
    • IPA(key): /ˈka/ [ˈka] (letter name, Abakada alphabet, Abecedario)
      • Rhymes: -a
    • IPA(key): /k/ [k] (phoneme)
    • IPA(key): /k/ [x] (phoneme, intervocalic)

Letter

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k (lower case, upper case K, Baybayin spelling ᜃᜒᜌ᜔)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Tagalog alphabet (the Filipino alphabet), called key and written in the Latin script.
See also
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Letter

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k (lower case, upper case K, Baybayin spelling )

  1. The third letter of the Tagalog alphabet (the Abakada alphabet), called ka and written in the Latin script.
  2. (historical) The twelfth letter of the Tagalog alphabet (the Abecedario), called ka and written in the Latin script.

Etymology 2

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From English k, clipping of OK.

Pronunciation

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Interjection

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k (Baybayin spelling ᜃᜒᜌ᜔)

  1. (Internet slang, text messaging) OK

Etymology 3

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Clipping of ka.

Pronunciation

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Pronoun

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k (Baybayin spelling )

  1. (Internet slang, text messaging) Alternative form of ka (in text messaging and Internet conversations): you; u
    Nasan k na?
    Where are u?

Further reading

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  • k”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018
  • Thomas, Megan C. (2007) “K Is for De-Kolonization: Anti-Colonial Nationalism and Orthographic Reform”, in Comparative Studies in Society and History[2], volume 49, number 4, →ISSN, pages 938–967

Turkish

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Pronunciation

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  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /c/, /k/
  • (letter name): IPA(key): (standard) /ceː/, /kɑː/

Letter

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k (lower case, upper case K)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called ke and written in the Latin script.

See also

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Turkmen

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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k (upper case K)

  1. The thirteenth letter of the Turkmen alphabet, called ka and written in the Latin script.

See also

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Yoruba

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Pronunciation

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Letter

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k (lower case, upper case K)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Yoruba alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See also

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Zulu

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Letter

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k (lower case, upper case K)

  1. The eleventh letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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