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Wiktionary:Word of the day/Archive/2019/March

< Wiktionary:Word of the day‎ | Archive‎ | 2019
2019
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Word of the day for March 1
pendragon n
  1. Also capitalized as Pendragon: a title assumed by the ancient British chiefs when called to lead other chiefs: chief war leader, dictator, or king.

  Today is Saint David’s Day, the feast day of the patron saint of Wales.

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Word of the day for March 2
conversely adv
  1. (often conjunctive) With a reversed relationship.
  2. (conjunctive, loosely) From another point of view; on the other hand.
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Word of the day for March 3
triangulation n
  1. (uncountable, surveying) A technique in which distances and directions are estimated from an accurately measured baseline and the principles of trigonometry.
  2. (countable, surveying) The network of triangles so obtained, that are the basis of a chart or map.
  3. (countable, chess) A delaying move in which the king moves in a triangular path to force the advance of a pawn.
  4. (uncountable, navigation, seismology) A process by which an unknown location is found using three known distances from known locations.
  5. (uncountable, politics) The practice of repositioning one's group or oneself on the political spectrum in an attempt to capture the centre.
  6. (uncountable, qualitative research) The use of three (or more) researchers to interview the same people or to evaluate the same evidence to reduce the impact of individual bias.
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Word of the day for March 5
dekulakize v
  1. (transitive, historical) Usually of peasants in the Soviet Union and communist Eastern Europe: to collectivize the property of a kulak (a wealthy peasant).

  Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, whose policies of collectivization and dekulakization in the 1920s and 1930s led to the mass starvation and death of peasants, died on this day in 1953.

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Word of the day for March 6
consilience n
  1. (logic) The concurrence of multiple inductions drawn from different data sets. [from mid 19th c.]
  2. The agreement, co-operation, or overlap of academic disciplines.

  English philosopher and theologian William Whewell, who coined the word, died on this day in 1866.

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Word of the day for March 7
nervous adj
  1. Easily agitated or alarmed; edgy, on edge.
  2. Apprehensive, anxious, hesitant, worried.
  3. Relating to or affecting the nerves.
  4. (archaic) Having nerves; nervose.
  5. (obsolete) Showing nervous strength; sinewy, vigorous.
  6. (obsolete) Of a piece of writing: forceful, powerful.
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Word of the day for March 8
muliebrity n
  1. (literary) The state or quality of being a woman; the features of a woman's nature; femininity, womanhood.
  2. (literary) The state of attainment of womanhood following maidenhood.
  3. (physiology) The state of puberty in a female.

  Today is designated by the United Nations as International Women’s Day, which commemorates the movement for women’s rights.

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Word of the day for March 9
ply v
  1. (transitive, obsolete) To bend; to fold; to mould; (figuratively) to adapt, to modify; to change (a person's) mind, to cause (a person) to submit.
  2. (intransitive) To bend, to flex; to be bent by something, to give way or yield (to a force, etc.). []
  3. (transitive) To work at (something) diligently.
  4. (transitive) To wield or use (a tool, a weapon, etc.) steadily or vigorously.
  5. (transitive) To press upon; to urge persistently.
  6. (transitive) To persist in offering something to, especially for the purpose of inducement or persuasion.
  7. (transitive, transport) To travel over (a route) regularly.
  8. (intransitive, obsolete) To work diligently.
  9. (intransitive, nautical, obsolete) To manoeuvre a sailing vessel so that the direction of the wind changes from one side of the vessel to the other; to work to windward, to beat, to tack.
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Word of the day for March 11
jibe v
  1. (transitive) To reproach with contemptuous words; to deride, to mock, to taunt.
  2. (transitive) To say in a mocking or taunting manner.
  3. (intransitive) To make a mocking remark or remarks; to jeer. []
  4. (intransitive, Canada, US, informal) To accord or agree.
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Word of the day for March 12
impostor syndrome n
  1. (psychology) A psychological phenomenon in which a person is unable to internalize his or her accomplishments, remaining convinced that he or she does not deserve any accompanying success.
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Word of the day for March 13
ledger n
  1. A book for keeping notes, especially one for keeping accounting records; a record book, a register.
  2. A large, flat stone, especially one laid over a tomb.
  3. (accounting) A collection of accounting entries consisting of credits and debits.
  4. (construction) A board attached to a wall to provide support for attaching other structural elements (such as deck joists or roof rafters) to a building.
  5. (fishing) Short for ledger bait (fishing bait attached to a floating line fastened to the bank of a pond, stream, etc.).
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Word of the day for March 14
Einsteinian adj
  1. Of or relating to the German-born theoretical physicist Albert Einstein or his scientific theories.

  Albert Einstein, known for developing the theory of relativity, was born on this day 140 years ago in 1879.

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Word of the day for March 16
growl v
  1. (intransitive) To utter a deep guttural sound, as an angry animal; to give forth an angry, grumbling sound.
  2. (intransitive, jazz) Of a wind instrument: to produce a low-pitched rumbling sound.
  3. (intransitive, software) To send a user a message via the Growl software library.
  4. (transitive) To express (something) by growling.
  5. (transitive, jazz) To play a wind instrument in a way that produces a low-pitched rumbling sound.
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Word of the day for March 18
jar v
  1. (transitive) To preserve (food) in a jar. []
  2. (transitive) To knock, shake, or strike sharply, especially causing a quivering or vibrating movement.
  3. (transitive) To harm or injure by such action.
  4. (transitive, figuratively) To shock or surprise.
  5. (transitive, figuratively) To act in disagreement or opposition, to clash, to be at odds with; to interfere; to dispute, to quarrel.
  6. (transitive, intransitive) To (cause something to) give forth a rudely tremulous or quivering sound; to (cause something to) sound discordantly or harshly.
  7. (intransitive) To quiver or vibrate due to being shaken or struck.
  8. (intransitive, figuratively) Of the appearance, form, style, etc., of people and things: to look strangely different; to stand out awkwardly from its surroundings; to be incongruent.
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Word of the day for March 20
teething troubles n
  1. (idiomatic) Small problems such as are to be expected with any new and untried product, system, or venture.

  Today is World Oral Health Day, an annual event organized by the FDI World Dental Federation to raise awareness about oral health.

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21Edit

 

Word of the day for March 21
carceral adj
  1. (formal or literary) Of or pertaining to imprisonment or a prison.

  The Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary on the island of Alcatraz in San Francisco Bay, California, USA, ceased to operate on this day in 1963.

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22Edit

 

Word of the day for March 22
dihydrogen monoxide n
  1. (inorganic chemistry, humorous) H₂O, water.

  Today is designated by the United Nations as World Water Day, which focuses on the importance of fresh water and the sustainable management of freshwater resources.

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23Edit

 

Word of the day for March 23
bulldog clip n
  1. A binder clip with rigid handles.
  2. (surgery) A surgical instrument with serrated jaws and a spring-loaded handle used to grip blood vessels or similar organs.

  Today is celebrated as National Puppy Day in the United States. The commemoration was founded in 2006 by Colleen Paige to celebrate the relationship between young dogs and humans, and to promote adoption of orphaned puppies and highlight the cruelty of puppy mills.

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Word of the day for March 25
adytum n
  1. (Ancient Greece, religion) The innermost sanctuary or shrine in an ancient temple, from where oracles were given.
  2. (by extension) A private chamber; a sanctum.

  Today is Greece’s Independence Day, which marks the day in 1821 when the Greek War of Independence from the Ottoman Empire was declared.

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Word of the day for March 27
wagon n
  1. A four-wheeled cart for hauling loads.
  2. A four-wheeled child's riding toy, pulled or steered by a long handle attached to the front.
  3. An enclosed vehicle for carrying goods or people; (by extension) a lorry, a truck.
  4. An enclosed vehicle used as a movable dwelling; a caravan.
  5. Short for dinner wagon (set of light shelves mounted on castors so that it can be pushed around a dining room and used for serving).
  6. (slang) Short for paddy wagon (police van for transporting prisoners).
  7. (rail transport) A freight car on a railway.
  8. (chiefly Australia, US, slang) Short for station wagon (type of car in which the roof extends rearward to produce an enclosed area in the position of and serving the function of the boot (trunk)); (by extension) a sport utility vehicle (SUV); any car.
  9. (Ireland, slang, derogatory, dated) A woman of loose morals, a promiscuous woman, a slapper; (by extension) a woman regarded as obnoxious; a bitch, a cow.
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Word of the day for March 29
Brexiteer n
  1. (Britain, politics) Someone who supports Brexit, the United Kingdom's exit from the European Union.
  2. (Britain, politics) Usually in plural: a holder of any of the posts in the British Cabinet tasked with negotiating the country's exit from the European Union.

  The United Kingdom is due to leave the European Union on this day at 11:00 pm (30 March 2019 at 12:00 midnight, Central European Time).

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30Edit

 

Word of the day for March 30
pseudopatient n
  1. (dated) A person who pretends to be ill, especially to gain some benefit.
  2. (medicine) A person who poses as a patient so that research may be conducted or staff trained.

  Today is National Doctors’ Day in the United States, which recognizes the service rendered by physicians.

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