e

(Redirected from )
See also: E, è, é, e-, -e, and Appendix:Variations of "e"

e U+0065, e
LATIN SMALL LETTER E
d
[U+0064]
Basic Latin f
[U+0066]
U+1D49, ᵉ
MODIFIER LETTER SMALL E

[U+1D48]
Phonetic Extensions
[U+1D4A]
U+FF45, e
FULLWIDTH LATIN SMALL LETTER E

[U+FF44]
Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms
[U+FF46]

Translingual edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology edit

  Modification of capital letter E in uncial script, from Ancient Greek Ε (E, Epsilon).

Pronunciation edit

  • (file)

Letter edit

e (upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also edit

Symbol edit

e

  1. (mathematics) The base of natural logarithms, also known as Euler's number, a transcendental number with a value of approximately 2.718281828459…
  2. (sciences, computing) Symbol separating mantissa from the exponent in scientific notation.
    1.2566e-6 = 1.2566 × 10-6
  3. (IPA) a close-mid front unrounded vowel.
  4. (superscript ⟨ᵉ⟩, IPA) [e]-coloring or a weak, fleeting, epenthetic or echo [e].
  5. (algebra, group theory) identity element.
    ae = ea = a
  6. (physics) Electron.
  7. (physics) Elementary charge.
  8. (mathematics) Eccentricity.
    • 2006 August, Alexander V. Krivov, Artem G. Feofilov, Valeri V. Dikarev, “Search for the putative dust belts of Mars: The late 2007 opportunity”, in Planetary and Space Science, volume 54, numbers 9–10 (in English), →DOI, page 873:
      In addition, we included here another effect—the modulation of the radiation pressure force by the orbital eccentricity of Mars,  —an effect, whose existence was first pointed out by Juhász and Horányi (1995) []

Usage notes edit

In the sense as a mathematical constant, the symbol is traditionally represented in an italic font.

Synonyms edit

  • (scientific notation): E
  • (electron): e⁻
  • (identity element): 1, (chiefly matrices) I

Gallery edit

See also edit

The template Template:Letter does not use the parameter(s):
Character=E5
Please see Module:checkparams for help with this warning.

Other representations of E:

English edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English and Old English lower case letter e and split of æ, ea, eo, and œ, from five 7th century replacements of Anglo-Saxon Futhorcs by Latin letters:

  •   Old English lower case letter e, from replacement by Latin letter e of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter (e).
  •   Old English lower case letter æ from replacement by Latin ligature æ of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter (æ).
  •   Old English lower case digraph ea, from replacement by Latin digraph ea of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter (ea).
  •   Old English lower case digraph eo from replacement by Latin digraph eo of Anglo-Saxon Futhorc (eo).
  •   Old English lower case letter œ from replacement by Latin ligature œ of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter (œ).

Pronunciation edit

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /ˈiː/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /ɛ/, /iː/, /ɪ/, /ə/, /eɪ/
    • In addition to the phonemes noted above, "e" can also be silent, representing no sound itself but indicating which phoneme another letter in the word represents. See the article "Silent e" on Wikipedia.

Letter edit

e (lower case, upper case E, plural es or e's)

  1. The fifth letter of the English alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.
Coordinate terms edit

Number edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The ordinal number fifth, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

Noun edit

e (plural ees)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E.
Alternative forms edit
Coordinate terms edit

Pronoun edit

e (third-person singular, nominative case, accusative em, possessive adjective eir, possessive noun eirs, reflexive emself)

  1. (rare, epicene, nonstandard) A gender-neutral third-person singular subject pronoun, equivalent to the singular they and coordinate with gendered pronouns he and she.
    • 2023, Aimee Ogden, “A Half-Remembered World”, The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction, vol. 145, no. 1-2, whole no. 768 (July/August 2023), pages 146-202
      Empre waded out to help them cross the last stretch. More people, a few hundred, perhaps, had gathered along the shore. One of them came running at Melu with a cry—she threw up her arms in defense. But it was Aeran, only Aeran. E seized Asu and clasped her close, eir eyes closed tightly as e sobbed eir relief.
Synonyms edit

Translations edit

Etymology 2 edit

Abbreviations.

  1. (stenoscript) a word-initial letter ⟨e⟩
  2. (stenoscript) the long vowel /iː/ at the end of a word, or before a final consonant that is not /dʒ, v, z/. (Note: the final consonant is not written; [ɪə˞] counts as /iːr/.)
  3. (stenoscript) the words he, me

Etymology 3 edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
  1. (rare, nonstandard) a gender-neutral third-person singular subject pronoun, equivalent to singular they, and coordinate with gendered pronouns he and she.
    • 2000, Jane Love, “Ethics, Plugged and Unplugged: The Pegagogy of Disorderly Conduct”, in James A. Inman, Donna N. Sewell, editors, Taking flight with OWLs: Examining Electronic Writing Center Work, Taylor & Francis, →ISBN, →OL, LCC PE1414.T24 1999, page 193:
      E invites em to consider how ey represent emselves[sic], and in so doing, e focuses eir attention on the ethics that make human relations possible.

Afar edit

Letter edit

e

  1. The fifth letter of the Afar alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Afrikaans edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

e (plural e's, diminutive e'tjie)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E.

Ainu edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

e (Kana spelling )

  1. (transitive) to eat

Synonyms edit

See also edit

  • ku (to drink)

Albanian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

e

  1. and
  2. also

Related terms edit

Pronoun edit

e m or f or n

  1. Third-person singular accusative-case pronominal clitic (him, her, it)
    E di. / S'e di.
    I know it. / I don't know it.
    E bleva.
    I bought it.

Preposition edit

e

  1. (of)
    Besa e shqiptarit nuk shitet pazarit.
    The honor of an Albanian can not be sold or bought in a bazaar.

Article edit

e

  1. adjectival article for:
    1. definite masculine singular adjectives in all accusative case
    2. indefinite feminine singular adjectives in the nominative case
    3. definite plural and feminine singular adjectives in the nominative and accusative cases

Related terms edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir E. (1998) “Conjunction e (and also)”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, →ISBN, page 85

Alemannic German edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

Article edit

e f

  1. (indefinite) a/an

Declension edit

Declension of en
masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative/accusative en e es -
dative emene enere emene {{{8}}}
  • Short forms of the dative – eme, ere, eme – are also common.

Angolar edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronoun edit

e

  1. he

Aromanian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin et.

Conjunction edit

e

  1. and
  2. but
  3. or

Synonyms edit

Azerbaijani edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

e lower case (upper case E)

  1. The sixth letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Basque edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Basque alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Noun edit

e (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E.

See also edit

Breton edit

Etymology 1 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronoun edit

e

  1. his

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Brythonic *ɨn, from Proto-Celtic *eni.

Preposition edit

e

  1. in
Inflection edit
Usage notes edit

It contracts with the articles, see el, en and er.

Catalan edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

e f (plural es)

  1. the Latin letter E (lowercase e)

Chinese edit

Etymology 1 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

e

  1. e- (electronic)

Etymology 2 edit

From clipping of English email.

Pronunciation edit


Verb edit

e

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese) to email

Corsican edit

Etymology edit

From the earlier le.

Pronunciation edit

Article edit

e f pl (masculine singular u, feminine singular a, masculine plural i)

  1. the (feminine plural)

Usage notes edit

  • Before a vowel, e turns into l'.

Pronoun edit

e f pl

  1. them (feminine direct object)

Usage notes edit

  • Before a vowel, e turns into l'.

See also edit

References edit

Dalmatian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin et.

Conjunction edit

e

  1. and

Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See also edit

  • Previous letter: d
  • Next letter: f

Emilian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin et, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

e

  1. and

Esperanto edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The sixth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Noun edit

e (accusative singular e-on, plural e-oj, accusative plural e-ojn)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E.

See also edit

Estonian edit

 
Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Estonian alphabet, called ee and written in the Latin script.

Conjunction edit

e

  1. Abbreviation of ehk; or, a.k.a.

See also edit

Fala edit

Conjunction edit

e

  1. Alternative form of i

Faroese edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

e (upper case E)

  1. The sixth letter of the Faroese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Finnish edit

Etymology 1 edit

The Finnish orthography using the Latin script was based on those of Swedish, German and Latin, and was first used in the mid-16th century. No earlier script is known. See the Wikipedia article on Finnish for more information, and e for information on the development of the glyph itself.

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Finnish alphabet, called ee and written in the Latin script.
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

German musical notation.

Noun edit

e

  1. (music) E (note)
Usage notes edit

Capitalized for the great octave or any octave below that, or in names of major keys; not capitalized for the small octave or any octave above that, or in names of minor keys.

Declension edit
Derived terms edit
compounds

French edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

e m (plural e)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E.

Derived terms edit

Friulian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin et.

Conjunction edit

e

  1. and

Fula edit

Etymology 1 edit

See Translingual section.

Letter edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. A letter of the Fula alphabet, written in the Latin script.
Usage notes edit
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Conjunction edit

e

  1. and
  2. with
Usage notes edit
  • Common to all varieties of Fula (Fulfulde / Pulaar / Pular).
  • In writing, some add an "h" before and even also after the "e": he,heh. Not sure these would count as variants.

Galician edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Latin et.

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

e

  1. and
    Túa irmá e eu fomos cear e despois ao cine.
    Your sister and I went to have dinner and then to the cinema.

Etymology 2 edit

See Translingual section.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛ/
  • Hyphenation: e

Letter edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Galician alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Noun edit

e m (plural es)

  1. e (name of the letter E, e)
See also edit

Further reading edit

Gothic edit

Romanization edit

e

  1. Romanization of 𐌴

Guinea-Bissau Creole edit

Etymology edit

From Portuguese e. Cognate with Kabuverdianu e.

Conjunction edit

e

  1. and

Gun edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

é

  1. she, he, it (third-person singular personal pronoun)

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

e

  1. her, him, it (third-person singular personal object pronoun)

See also edit

Gungbe personal pronouns
Number Person Emphatic Pronoun Subject Pronoun Object Pronoun Possessive Determiner
Singular First nyɛ́, yẹ́n ùn, n mi , ṣié
Second jɛ̀, jẹ̀, yẹ̀, hiẹ̀ à tòwè
Third éɔ̀, úɔ̀, éwọ̀ é è étɔ̀n, étọ̀n
Plural First mílɛ́, mílẹ́ mítɔ̀n, mítọ̀n
Second mìlɛ́, mìlẹ́ mìtɔ̀n, mìtọ̀n
Third yélɛ́, yélẹ́ yétɔ̀n, yétọ̀n

Hawaiian edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Particle edit

e

  1. used to mark the following verb as an infinitive; to
  2. used before a name, a noun or a phrase to address someone or something

Preposition edit

e

  1. by (indicating the agent of a verb in the passive voice)

Hungarian edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Uralic *e-. Cognates include Finnish että and Estonian et.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Determiner edit

e (demonstrative)

  1. (chiefly archaic, except before consonant-initial words, as a counterpart of ez) this
    Synonyms: eme, (only determiners; both are archaic or formal) ezen
    az e heti hírekthis week’s news
    e világiof this world, worldly, mundane
    E házban lakott Petőfi Sándor.Sándor Petőfi lived in this house.
    E mellett a ház mellett vártam rá.I waited for him/her next to this house.

Pronoun edit

e

  1. (archaic, except before most consonant-initial postpositions) this
    Itt a mozi, e mellett lakunk mi.Here is the cinema; we live next to this.
    • 1836, Mihály Vörösmarty, Szózat[1] (Appeal)[2]
      A nagy világon e kivűl / Nincsen számodra hely;
      In the great world outside of here / There is no place for you
      (“E kívül” would be ezen kívül in present-day Hungarian, formed from ez.)
Usage notes edit

A rarer substitute of ez, but unlike ez, it does not take the case of the noun it is attached to, and no definite article is used:

ezen a helyen ― e helyenat this place (literally, “on this place”)
ebben a házban ― e házbanin this house

Most consonant-initial postpositions can take e, e.g. e nélkül, e helyett, see Pronominal adverbs from postpositions, in the column “that one, this one”. On the other hand, vowel-initial postpositions take ez (e.g. ez alatt, ez iránt).

Interjection edit

e

  1. (folksy) look!, hey! (expressing surprise or wanting to get attention)
    E! Hát Józsi meg hová tűnt?Hey! Where is Joe?
    Itt van, e! (informal)Here it is.

Etymology 2 edit

See Translingual section.

Pronunciation edit

  • (letter or phoneme itself; identifier): IPA(key): [ˈɛː][2]
  • (musical note): IPA(key): [ˈeː] (in the names of minor scales; see also E)

Letter edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The ninth letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.
Declension edit
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative e e-k
accusative e-t e-ket
dative e-nek e-knek
instrumental e-vel e-kkel
causal-final e-ért e-kért
translative e-vé e-kké
terminative e-ig e-kig
essive-formal e-ként e-kként
essive-modal
inessive e-ben e-kben
superessive e-n e-ken
adessive e-nél e-knél
illative e-be e-kbe
sublative e-re e-kre
allative e-hez e-khez
elative e-ből e-kből
delative e-ről e-kről
ablative e-től e-ktől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
e-é e-ké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
e-éi e-kéi
Possessive forms of e
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. e-m e-im
2nd person sing. e-d e-id
3rd person sing. e-je e-i
1st person plural e-nk e-ink
2nd person plural e-tek e-itek
3rd person plural e-jük e-ik
Derived terms edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Entry #125 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Hungarian Research Centre for Linguistics.
  2. ^ Siptár, Péter and Miklós Törkenczy. The Phonology of Hungarian. The Phonology of the World’s Languages. Oxford University Press, 2007. →ISBN, p. 280

Further reading edit

  • (sound, letter, abbreviation): e , (musical note, its symbol or key/position): e , (pronoun, alternative form of ez): e , (folksy interjection pointing at something nearby): e , (interjection, rare alternative form of eh): e in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • e in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (‘A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2024)

Iau edit

Noun edit

e

  1. water

Further reading edit

  • Bill Palmer, The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area (→ISBN, 2017), page 531, table 95, Comparative basic vocabulary in Lakes Plain Languages

Icelandic edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

e (upper case E)

  1. The sixth letter of the Icelandic alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Ido edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

e (upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Conjunction edit

e

  1. Apocopic form of ed

Related terms edit

  • a (to)
  • o (or)

Igbo edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

e (upper case E, lower case e)

  1. The fifth letter of the Igbo alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Alternative forms edit

  • a (retracted tongue position)

Pronoun edit

e

  1. (indefinite) somebody, one, they, people (an unspecified individual).

Usage notes edit

  • Often gets translated into English with the passive voice.

See also edit

Indo-Portuguese edit

Etymology edit

From Portuguese e (and).

Conjunction edit

e

  1. and (expresses two elements to be taken together or in addition to each other)
    • 1883, Hugo Schuchardt, Kreolische Studien, volume 3:
      Trasê tamêm um vaquinh bem gord e matá par nós comê e par nós regalá
      Bring also a small and very fat cow and kill (it) for us to eat and for us to feast on

Indonesian edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Indonesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Interlingua edit

Alternative forms edit

Conjunction edit

e

  1. and

Istriot edit

Etymology edit

From Latin et.

Conjunction edit

e

  1. and
    • 1877, Antonio Ive, Canti popolari istriani: raccolti a Rovigno, volume 5, Ermanno Loescher, page 128:
      Caro, cun quil visito bianco e russo.
      Dear, with that little white and red face.

Italian edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Latin ē (the name of the letter E).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈe/*
  • Rhymes: -e
  • Hyphenation: é

Letter edit

e f or m (invariable, lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Italian alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

Noun edit

e f (invariable)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E.; e
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Latin et.[1]

Alternative forms edit

  • ed (before a word starting with a vowel, especially /e ɛ/.)

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /e/*
  • Rhymes: -e
  • Hyphenation: e

Conjunction edit

e

  1. and
  2. (archaic, literary) (e... e) both... and or just ... and (Can we clean up(+) this sense?)
    Synonyms: sia... che, sia... sia
    • mid 1300smid 1310s, Dante Alighieri, “Canto I”, in Inferno [Hell]‎[3], lines 4–6; republished as Giorgio Petrocchi, editor, La Commedia secondo l'antica vulgata [The Commedia according to the ancient vulgate]‎[4], 2nd revised edition, Florence: publ. Le Lettere, 1994:
      Ahi quanto a dir qual era è cosa duraesta selva selvaggia e aspra e forte ¶ che nel pensier rinova la paura!
      Ah me! how hard a thing it is to say ¶ ⁠What was this forest savage, rough, and stern, ⁠¶ ⁠Which in the very thought renews the fear.
Usage notes edit

References edit

  1. ^ Angelo Prati, "Vocabolario Etimologico Italiano", Torino, 1951

Further reading edit

e in Luciano Canepari, Dizionario di Pronuncia Italiana (DiPI)

Japanese edit

Romanization edit

e

  1. Rōmaji transcription of
  2. Rōmaji transcription of
  3. Rōmaji transcription of
  4. Rōmaji transcription of

Kabuverdianu edit

Etymology edit

From Portuguese e.

Conjunction edit

e

  1. and

Kaingang edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

e

  1. there are many, there is much
  2. to be a lot (for someone); to displease; to surprise
    Ag mỹ tóg e .
    They were surprised.
    (literally, “it was a lot for them.”)

Kashubian edit

Etymology edit

The Kashubian orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the Kashubian alphabet article on Wikipedia for more, and e for development of the glyph itself.

Letter edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The seventh letter of the Kashubian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Kosraean edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Oceanic *api, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *hapuy, from Proto-Austronesian *Sapuy. Compare Malay api, Malagasy afo, Tsat pui³³, Palauan ngau, Chuukese ááf, Tongan afi, Samoan afi and Hawaiian ahi.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

e

  1. fire

Latin edit

Etymology 1 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Letter edit

e

  1. A letter of the Latin alphabet.

Etymology 2 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

ē f (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the letter E.
Coordinate terms edit

References edit

  • e in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • e in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • e in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • e in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898), Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Arthur E. Gordon, The Letter Names of the Latin Alphabet (University of California Press, 1973; volume 9 of University of California Publications: Classical Studies), part III: “Summary of the Ancient Evidence”, page 32: "Clearly there is no question or doubt about the names of the vowels A, E, I, O, U. They are simply long A, long E, etc. (ā, ē, ī, ō, ū). Nor is there any uncertainty with respect to the six mutes B, C, D, G, P, T. Their names are bē, cē, dē, gē, pē, tē (each with a long E). Or about H, K, and Q: they are hā, kā, kū—each, again, with a long vowel sound."

Etymology 3 edit

Abbreviated from ex.

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

ē (short form of ex)

  1. out of, from
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit

Latvian edit

 
Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology edit

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation 1 edit

(file)
(file)

Letter edit

 
E

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The seventh letter of the Latvian alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.
Usage notes edit

The letter E/e (like its long counterpart Ē/ē) represent two sounds, [ɛ]šaurais e (narrow e) — and [æ]platais e (broad e). In principle, [ɛ] is used when there is a palatal element (the vowels i, ī, e, ē, the diphthongs ie, ei, and the palatal consonants j, ķ, ģ, ļ, ņ, š, ž, č, , and, in the old spelling, ŗ) either in the same or in the following syllable; otherwise, [æ] is used. Unfortunately, some historical changes have obscured this pattern by removing some previously existing palatal elements; as a result of that, for a number of words the actual pronunciation of the letter e[ɛ] or [æ] — must be memorized.

See also edit

Pronunciation 2 edit

Noun edit

e m (invariable)

  1. The Latvian name of the Latin script letter E/e.
See also edit

Ligurian edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Latin et, from Proto-Indo-European *éti (beyond, over).

Conjunction edit

e

  1. and
Ligurian Definite Articles
singular plural
masculine o i
feminine  a e

Etymology 2 edit

From Latin illae.

Article edit

e f pl (singular a)

  1. the

Livonian edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

e (upper case E)

  1. The eighth letter of the Livonian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Lule Sami edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb edit

e

  1. third-person plural present of ij

Malay edit

Letter edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Maltese edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ɛ/ (short phoneme)
  • IPA(key): /a/ (some speakers; when following in an unstressed final syllable)
  • IPA(key): /ɛː/ (long phoneme)
  • In inherited words, long e occurs only next to vowelised or h. In Romance words, it can be long on its own.

Letter edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Maltese alphabet, written in the Latin script.
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Onomatopoeic. Compare Italian eh and English eh.

Interjection edit

e

  1. In isolation, a request for repetition or clarification of what has just been said: eh, what
    Synonyms: xiex, x’inhu
  2. Used as a tag question, to emphasise what goes before or to request that the listener express an opinion about what has been said: eh
  3. Used to express dissent
Alternative forms edit

Mandarin edit

Romanization edit

e (e5e0, Zhuyin ˙ㄜ)

  1. Hanyu Pinyin reading of

e

  1. Nonstandard spelling of ē.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of é.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of ě.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of è.
  5. Nonstandard spelling of ê̄.
  6. Nonstandard spelling of ế.
  7. Nonstandard spelling of ê̌.
  8. Nonstandard spelling of .

Usage notes edit

  • 《汉语拼音方案》 (Scheme for the Chinese Phonetic Alphabet) defines a standard pronunciation for each letter in Hanyu Pinyin with Zhuyin. (/⁠ɛ⁠/) typically only occurs in syllables with an initial glide (e.g. ㄧㄝ (-ie /⁠i̯ɛ⁠/)), where it is romanized as e. When it occurs in syllables without an initial glide, however, it is romanized as ê in order to distinguish it from (-e /⁠ɤ⁠/). Such instances are rare, and are only found in interjections or neologisms.
  • Transcriptions of Mandarin into the Latin script often do not distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without indication of tone.

Mauritian Creole edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

e

  1. the fifth letter of the modern Latin alphabet

Etymology 2 edit

From French et.

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

e

  1. and

Mbyá Guaraní edit

Adjective edit

e

  1. tasty, delicious

Middle English edit

Etymology 1 edit

Noun edit

e

  1. Alternative form of æ

Etymology 2 edit

Pronoun edit

e

  1. Alternative form of I (I)

Etymology 3 edit

Pronoun edit

e

  1. Alternative form of he (he)

Etymology 4 edit

Pronoun edit

e

  1. Alternative form of he (they)

Middle Low German edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Germanic *aiwaz, whence also Old Norse ei.

Adverb edit

ê

  1. always

Descendants edit

  • German Low German: Ehe

Mokilese edit

Noun edit

e

  1. leg

Inflection edit

Navajo edit

Letter edit

e

  1. The eighth letter of the Navajo alphabet:
    e = /ɛ˨/
    ę = /ɛ̃˨/
    é = /ɛ˥/
    ę́ = /ɛ̃˥/
    ee = /ɛː˨˨/
    ęę = /ɛ̃ː˨˨/
    ée = /ɛː˥˨/
    ę́ę = /ɛ̃ː˥˨/
    eé = /ɛː˨˥/
    ęę́ = /ɛ̃ː˨˥/
    éé = /ɛː˥˥/
    ę́ę́ = /ɛ̃ː˥˥/

Neapolitan edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Latin de.

Alternative forms edit

'e

Preposition edit

e

  1. of (used to express ownership)

Etymology 2 edit

From Latin et.

Conjunction edit

e

  1. and

Norwegian edit

Etymology edit

See Translingual section.

Pronunciation edit

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /eː/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /eː/, /e/, /ɛ/, /ə/, /æ/

Letter edit

e

  1. The fifth letter of the Norwegian alphabet

Usage notes edit

  • /ə/ only appears in unstressed syllables.

Inflection edit

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Article edit

e

  1. (non-standard since 1938) Alternative form of ei

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Norse er.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /eː/, /e/, /ɛ/, /ə/, /æ/

Verb edit

e

  1. (dialectal, colloquial) Apocopic form of er, present of vera

Etymology 2 edit

Pronoun edit

e

  1. (dialectal, parts of Trøndelag and Western Norway) pronunciation spelling of eg (I).

Nupe edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The sixth letter of the Nupe alphabet, written in the Latin script.
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Clipping of .

Pronunciation edit

Particle edit

è

  1. Marks the imperfective aspect, for actions that are not completed.

Nzadi edit

Particle edit

é

  1. Used to link a possessed noun to its possessor.

Usage notes edit

This particle accompanies several tonal changes, as well as a simplification or elision of the coda of the possessed noun in some cases. Many nouns can be linked directly in possessive constructions without using this particle, chiefly those that denotes humans or animals when used in the singular, although it is impossible to predict exactly which nouns will follow which pattern based on semantics, ancestral noun class, or morphology.

Further reading edit

  • Crane, Thera, Larry Hyman, Simon Nsielanga Tukumu (2011) A grammar of Nzadi [B.865]: a Bantu language of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, →ISBN

Occitan edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Occitan e, from Latin et.

Conjunction edit

e

  1. and

Etymology 2 edit

Noun edit

e f (plural es)

  1. e (the letter e, E)

Old French edit

Conjunction edit

e

  1. Alternative form of et

Old Galician-Portuguese edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Latin et, from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

e

  1. and (expresses two elements to be taken together or in addition to each other)
Descendants edit
  • Fala: i
  • Galician: e
  • Portuguese: e
    • Guinea-Bissau Creole: i, e
    • Indo-Portuguese: e
    • Kabuverdianu: y, i, e
    • Papiamentu: i, y

Etymology 2 edit

Alternative form of é

Verb edit

e

  1. Alternative form of é

Old Occitan edit

Etymology edit

From Latin et.

Conjunction edit

e

  1. and

Descendants edit

  • Occitan: e

Old Spanish edit

Alternative forms edit

  • é (alternative spelling)
  • ed, et (alternative forms)
  • i

Etymology edit

From Latin et, from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

e

  1. and
    • c. 1200: Almerich, Fazienda de Ultramar, f. 64v.
      e el reẏ con ſana q́ auie mando que mataſen todos los ſabios de babilonna e demandaron a danel e aſos conpaneros por matar
      And the king, full of anger, ordered all the wise men of Babylon be put to death, and they sought Daniel and his companions to put them to death.

Descendants edit

  • Spanish: y, e

Ometepec Nahuatl edit

Noun edit

e

  1. bean.

Papiamentu edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Portuguese ele and Spanish él and Kabuverdianu el.

Pronoun edit

e

  1. he, she, third person singular.

Etymology 2 edit

From Portuguese este and Spanish este and Kabuverdianu es.

Article edit

e

  1. the (definite article)

Pohnpeian edit

Etymology 1 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronoun edit

e

  1. he, she, it, third person pronoun

Etymology 2 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Alternative forms edit

Determiner edit

e

  1. his, her, hers, its, third person possessive pronoun
    Liho iang eh pwoud.
    The woman joined her husband.

Etymology 3 edit

Of Onomatopoeic origin.

Interjection edit

e

  1. what, in response to being called

Polish edit

Etymology edit

The Polish orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the history of Polish orthography article on Wikipedia for more, and e for development of the glyph itself.

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The seventh letter of the Polish alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Interjection edit

e

  1. (colloquial) hey! (used to call someone's attention)

Portuguese edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese e (and), from Latin et (and), from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

e

  1. and (connects two clauses indicating that the events occurred together, one after the other or without any special implication)
    Synonym: &
    Eu vim e eles saíram.
    I came and they left.
  2. and (connects the last and penultimate elements in a list)
    Eu e ele vamos embora.
    He and I are going away.
    Tenho quatro frutas: uma maçã, uma pera, uma laranja e uma uva.
    I have four fruits: an apple, a pear, an orange and a grape.
  3. (emphatic) and (connects every element of a list)
    Ela é baixa, e burra, e preguiçosa, e feia.
    She is short, and stupid, and lazy, and ugly.
  4. (logic) and (indicates a conjunction operation)
    Verdadeiro e falso dá falso.
    True and false yields false.
  5. (in the format “X e X”) and (indicates a great number of something)
    Esperei por anos e anos.
    I waited for years and years.
Quotations edit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:e.

Descendants edit
  • Guinea-Bissau Creole: i, e
  • Indo-Portuguese: e
  • Kabuverdianu: y, i, e
  • Papiamentu: i, y

Noun edit

e m (uncountable)

  1. (logic) and, conjunction
Quotations edit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:e.

Etymology 2 edit

See Translingual section.

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: e

Letter:

Noun:

Letter edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.
See also edit

Etymology 3 edit

Abbreviation of este

Noun edit

e m (uncountable)

  1. Abbreviation of este (east)

Etymology 4 edit

Verb edit

e

  1. (Internet slang, text messaging) Alternative form of é (is)

Rapa Nui edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈe/
  • Hyphenation: e

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Polynesian *e. Cognates include Hawaiian e and Maori e.

Particle edit

e

  1. Used to mark the subject of a non-stative verb.
  2. Used to form a vocative of the following (proper) noun.
Usage notes edit
  • The particle is only obligatory when used with verbs describing first-hand sensing:
    He tike'a koe e au.I see you.
  • With other verbs, e has an emphatic undertone.

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Polynesian *e. Cognates include Hawaiian e and Maori e.

Particle edit

e

  1. Used to indicate the imperfective aspect.
  2. Used to indicate the exhortative mood.
  3. Used before numerals to form cardinal numbers.

References edit

  • Veronica Du Feu (1996) Rapanui (Descriptive Grammars), Routledge, →ISBN, page 67
  • Paulus Kieviet (2017) A grammar of Rapa Nui[5], Berlin: Language Science Press, →ISBN, pages 323, 381

Rawang edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

e

  1. to exist.

Suffix edit

e

  1. verbal suffix for marking non-past declarative clause.

Romagnol edit

Etymology edit

From an earlier ei, from el.

Article edit

e m

  1. Alternative form of e’ (the)

Romani edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. (International Standard) The seventh letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  2. (Pan-Vlax) The eighth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Romanian edit

Etymology 1 edit

See Translingual section.

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The seventh letter of the Romanian alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.
Usage notes edit

See E for pronunciation notes.

See also edit

Noun edit

e n (plural e-uri)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E.
Declension edit

Etymology 2 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Interjection edit

e

  1. expression of annoyance, irritation
  2. expression of boredom, indifference
  3. (when prolonged…eee) expression of surprise, satisfaction, admiration

Etymology 3 edit

From Latin est.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

e

  1. (informal) third-person singular present indicative of fi
    Synonyms: este, (regional) îi, (familiar) -i
    El e un copil.
    He is a child.

Etymology 4 edit

From Latin et.

Conjunction edit

e

  1. (obsolete) and
    Synonym: și
  2. (obsolete) but
    Synonyms: dar, iar

Samoan edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Preposition edit

e

  1. by (a person or animate object)

Sardinian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin et, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

e

  1. and

Sassarese edit

Etymology edit

From Latin et, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *éti or *h₁eti.

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

e

  1. and

Scottish Gaelic edit

Etymology 1 edit

Letter edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Scottish Gaelic alphabet, written in the Latin script. It is preceded by d and followed by f. Its traditional name is eadha (aspen).
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Old Irish é. Cognates include Irish é and Manx eh.

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

e (emphatic esan)

  1. third-person masculine pronoun; he, him, it
See also edit

References edit

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology 1 edit

See Translingual section.

Alternative forms edit

  • (uppercase): E

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

e (Cyrillic spelling е)

  1. The 9th letter of the Serbo-Croatian Latin alphabet (gajica), preceded by đ and followed by f.
Usage notes edit

Its name is е /e/ and it has the sound of e in net.

Etymology 2 edit

Variant of ej or hej

Interjection edit

e (Cyrillic spelling е)

  1. (rare) well, now
  2. (informal, at the beginning of the sentence) hey
  3. (informal, at the beginning of the sentence) Used to emphasize the sentence
    E, šta ima?Hey, what's up?
  4. (informal, at the beginning of the sentence) Used to express surprise
    E, otkud ti?Hey, where did you come from?
  5. (informal, at the beginning of the sentence) Used to get attention or change the topic of conversation, especially if followed by a (and; but)
    E, a vidi ovo.And look at this.

Sicilian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin et, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

e

  1. and

Silesian edit

Etymology edit

The Silesian orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the Silesian language article on Wikipedia for more, and e for development of the glyph itself.

Letter edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The seventh letter of the Silesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Skolt Sami edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

e (upper case E)

  1. The tenth letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Slovene edit

 
Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Alternative forms edit

  • є (Metelko alphabet)
  • ȩ (Ramovš transcription)

Etymology 1 edit

From Gaj's Latin alphabet e, from Czech alphabet e, from Latin e, which is a modification of capital letter E in uncial script, from Ancient Greek Ε (E, Epsilon).

Pronunciation edit

  • (phoneme, Standard Slovene): IPA(key): /éː/, /èː/, /ɛ́/, /ɛ́ː/, /ɛ̀ː/, /ə́/, /ə̀/, /e/, /ɛ/, [ɪ́], [ɪ̀], [é̞], [è̞]
  • (phoneme, Resian): IPA(key): /ɛ/
  • (phoneme, Natisone Valley dialect): IPA(key): /ɛː/, /ɛ/, /ɛ̆/
  • (letter name): IPA(key): /èː/, /éː/
  • (letter name, archaic): IPA(key): /ɛ̀ː/, /ɛ́ː/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eː, -ɛː
  • Homophones: e, E

Letter edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The sixth letter of the Slovene alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  2. The eighth letter of the Resian alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  3. The sixth letter of the Natisone Valley alphabet, written in the Latin script.
Derived terms edit

Symbol edit

e

  1. (Logar transcription, transcription for standard Slovene) Phonetic transcription of sound [ɛ].
    Synonyms: ȩ, ɛ

Noun edit

e m inan or n

  1. The name of the Latin script letter E / e.

Usage notes edit

Nowadays, it is hardly ever neuter gender, so it is considered obsolete.[1]

Inflection edit

  • Overall more common
 
The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Masculine inan., soft o-stem
nom. sing. e
gen. sing. e-ja
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
e e-ja e-ji
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
e-ja e-jev e-jev
dative
(dajȃlnik)
e-ju e-jema e-jem
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
e e-ja e-je
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
e-ju e-jih e-jih
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
e-jem e-jema e-ji
  • More common when with a definite adjective
Masculine inan., no endings
nom. sing. e
gen. sing. e
singular dual plural
nominative e e e
accusative e e e
genitive e e e
dative e e e
locative e e e
instrumental e e e
  • Obsolete
Neuter, no endings
nom. sing. e
gen. sing. e
singular dual plural
nominative e e e
accusative e e e
genitive e e e
dative e e e
locative e e e
instrumental e e e

Etymology 2 edit

Variant of ej or hej

Pronunciation edit

Interjection edit

e

  1. (informal, rare, at the beginning of sentences) Used to express happiness when saying something
    E, do smrti bom živel!
    Hey, I will live till I die!
  2. (informal, at the beginning of sentences) Used to express uneasyness
    E, da, seveda.
    Um, sure, of course
  3. (informal, rare, at the end of sentences) Used to form questions
    Synonym: a
    Kdo je to naredil, e?
    Who did that, huh?

Etymology 3 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

Interjection edit

e

  1. (informal, at the beginning of sentences) Used to express indifference to what was said before
    Synonyms: eh, ah
    E, ga bo že minilo!
    Whatever, he will get over it?
  2. (informal, at the beginning of sentences) Used to express unhappiness
    E, pa kaj še!
    Yeah, sure!

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Toporišič, Jože (2000) Slovenska slovnica / Jože Toporišič. - 4. prenovljena in razširjena izd. (in Slovene), Maribor: Obzorja, →ISBN
  • Krvina, Domen, Žele, Andreja (2017) O MEDMETIH, ZLASTI O NJIHOVIH RAZLOČEVALNIH LASTNOSTIH: POUDARJEN SLOVARSKI VIDIK[7] (in Slovene)
  • Kenda-Jež, Karmen (2017 February 27) Fonetična trankripcija [Phonetic transcription]‎[8] (in Slovene), Znanstvenoraziskovalni center SAZU, Inštitut za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša, archived from the original on January 22, 2022, pages 27–30

Further reading edit

  • e”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Spanish edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

See Translingual section.

Letter edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Spanish alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Noun edit

e f (plural es)

  1. Name of the letter E

Etymology 2 edit

Latin et

Alternative forms edit

Conjunction edit

e

  1. and
    Yo hablo francés e inglés.
    I speak French and English.
Usage notes edit
  • Used instead of y when the following word starts with the vowel sound /i/.
See also edit

Sranan Tongo edit

Etymology edit

Reduced form of de (to be)

Particle edit

e

  1. Verbal marker for continuous aspect.

Sumerian edit

Romanization edit

e

  1. Romanization of 𒂊

Swedish edit

Etymology 1 edit

See Translingual section.

Pronunciation edit

  • letter name: IPA(key): /eː/
  • phoneme: IPA(key): /eː/, /ɛ/, /ɛː/

Letter edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Swedish alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Verb edit

e

  1. (colloquial, Internet slang, text messaging) Pronunciation spelling of är.
    • 2014 January 17, Veronica Maggio (lyrics and music), “Hela huset”‎[9] ft. Håkan Hellström:
      Går runt i t-shirt och e trött
      Walking tired around in a t-shirt
Derived terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

From Old Norse æ, ei, ey, from Proto-Germanic *aiwi (forever), *aiwaz.

Adverb edit

e (not comparable)

  1. (archaic) forever, ever
    Synonym: alltid
Related terms edit

Tagalog edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Spanish e. Each pronunciation has a different source:

  • Filipino alphabet pronunciation is influenced by English e.
  • Abakada alphabet pronunciation is influenced by the Baybayin character (i).
  • Abecedario pronunciation is from Spanish e.

Pronunciation edit

  • (letter name, Filipino alphabet):
  • IPA(key): /ʔi/, [ʔɪ]
  • (letter name, Abakada alphabet, Abecedario): IPA(key): /ʔe/, [ʔɛ]
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /e/, [ɛ]
  • Rhymes: -i, -e

Letter edit

e (lower case, upper case E, Baybayin spelling )

  1. The fifth letter of the Tagalog alphabet (Filipino alphabet), called i and written in the Latin script.
  2. The fifth letter of the Tagalog alphabet (Abakada alphabet), called e and written in the Latin script.
  3. (historical) The sixth letter of the Tagalog alphabet (Abecedario), called e and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Noun edit

e (Baybayin spelling )

  1. the name of the Latin-script letter E, in the Abakada alphabet.
    Synonym: (in the Filipino alphabet) i
  2. (historical) the name of the Latin-script letter E, in the Abecedario.
    Synonym: (in the Filipino alphabet) i

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Compare Spanish eh and English eh.

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈʔe(ː)/, [ˈʔɛ(ː)]
  • Rhymes: -e

Interjection edit

e (Baybayin spelling ) (informal)

  1. Used to acknowledge a statement or situation: well; so
    E, ganoon e!
    Well, it's like that!
    E, ano ngayon?
    So, what now?
    Nandoon siya, e.
    Well, he/she was/is there.
  2. Used to rhetorically express surprise or suspicion: so; oh; well
    E, sino naman 'yun?
    Oh so then, who was that?
    E, ikaw lang din naman 'yun.
    Well anyways, that was also only just you.
  3. Used to express indignance: well; but
    E, hindi mo naman kinailangan gawin iyon.
    But, you didn't need to do that.
  4. Used to introduce the continuation of narration from a previous understood point: and; well; so
    E, magkano naman ito?
    And, how much is this one?
Derived terms edit
See also edit

Further reading edit

  • e”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018

Tahitian edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Particle edit

e

  1. indicates that an action is unfinished when inserted before the verb

Teop edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronoun edit

e

  1. him, her, it (third-person pronoun, objective case, singular)

Further reading edit

Tokelauan edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Polynesian *e. Cognates include Hawaiian e and Samoan e.

Preposition edit

e

  1. Marks the subject of a transitive verb; by

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Polynesian *e. Cognates include Hawaiian e and Samoan e.

Particle edit

e

  1. Indicates indefinite present tense.
    • 1948, Tūlāfono fakavae a Tokelau [Constitution of Tokelau]‎[10], page 1:
      Ko kimatou, ia tagata o Tokelau, e takutino
      We, the people of Tokelau, (do) speak openly
  2. Indicates future tense.

References edit

  • R. Simona, editor (1986), Tokelau Dictionary[11], Auckland: Office of Tokelau Affairs, page 24

Tongan edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

e

  1. by

Tooro edit

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

-e (declinable)

  1. his, her (class 1 possessive pronoun)

Usage notes edit

  • This modifier, when used in the indefinite forms, causes the word before it to move its high tone to the ultimate syllable.

Inflection edit

See also edit

References edit

  • Kaji, Shigeki (2007) A Rutooro Vocabulary[12], Tokyo: Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (ILCAA), →ISBN, page 420

Turkish edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The sixth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Noun edit

e

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E.

See also edit

Turkmen edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

e (upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Turkmen alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Tuvaluan edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Particle edit

e

  1. present tense marker, inserted immediately before the relevant verb

Vietnamese edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from Portuguese é.

Noun edit

e

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E.

Etymology 2 edit

Compare Pacoh e (to guard, to watch over).

Verb edit

e (, , 𢙬, 𠵱, 𠲖, )

  1. to fear; to be apprehensive, to be afraid
    Tôi e cô ta không đến.
    I am afraid she will not come.
  2. to be slightly ashamed
See also edit
Derived terms

Etymology 3 edit

Pronoun edit

e

  1. (slang, Internet, text messaging) Abbreviation of em.

References edit

Vilamovian edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

e n

  1. egg

Volapük edit

Alternative forms edit

  • (before a vowel) ed

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Conjunction edit

e

  1. and

Related terms edit

Welsh edit

Etymology 1 edit

Alternative forms edit

  • (with grave accent to indicate otherwise unpredictable short vowel): è
  • (with acute accent to indicate unusually stressed short vowel): é
  • (with circumflex to indicate otherwise unpredictable or unusually stressed long vowel): ê
  • (with diaeresis to indicate disyllabicity): ë

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The seventh letter of the Welsh alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script. It is preceded by dd and followed by f.
Mutation edit
  • e cannot be mutated but, being a vowel, does take h-prothesis, for example with the word eliffant (elephant):
Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
eliffant unchanged unchanged heliffant
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.
Derived terms edit
See also edit

Noun edit

e f (plural eau)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E.

Mutation edit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
e unchanged unchanged he
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Reduction of literary ef

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

e

  1. he, him
Usage notes edit

E is used predominantly in the south of Wales, while o is used in the north, with fe and fo as variants of e and o respectively. In formal Welsh, the equivalent pronoun is ef.

West Makian edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

e

  1. (transitive) to fetch
  2. (transitive) to take

Conjugation edit

Conjugation of e (action verb)
singular plural
inclusive exclusive
1st person tee mee ae
2nd person nee fee
3rd person inanimate ie dee
animate
imperative nee, e fee, e

References edit

  • Clemens Voorhoeve (1982) The Makian languages and their neighbours[13], Pacific linguistics

Yola edit

Article edit

e

  1. Alternative form of a (one)
    • 1927, “YOLA ZONG O BARONY VORTH”, in THE ANCIENT DIALECT OF THE BARONIES OF FORTH AND BARGY, COUNTY WEXFORD, page 132, line 11:
      Fan the loughraan itzel feight e big bawl,
      When the ghost itself gave a loud bawl,

References edit

  • Kathleen A. Browne (1927) The Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland Sixth Series, Vol.17 No.2, Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, page 132

Yoruba edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fourth letter of the Yoruba alphabet, called é and written in the Latin script.

Noun edit

é

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E.

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

e

  1. him, her, it (third-person singular object pronoun following a monosyllabic verb with a high-tone /e/)

Pronoun edit

é

  1. him, her, it (third-person singular object pronoun following a monosyllabic verb with a low- or mid-tone /e/)

Zazaki edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation edit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Interjection edit

e

  1. yes

Particle edit

e

  1. yes

Antonyms edit

Zulu edit

Letter edit

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit