Appendix:Proto-Tai reconstructions

The following list of 788 reconstructed Proto-Tai forms is from Pittayaporn (2009).

ListEdit

No. Gloss Proto-Tai
1 head (1) *krawᶜ
2 head (2) *truəᴬ
3 hair, head *prɤmᴬ
4 knot, hair *klawᶜ
5 hair, body; feather *q.pɯlᴬ
6 gray-haired *ʰŋwuːkᴰ
7 forehead *praːkᴰ
8 nose *ɗaŋᴬ
9 mucus of the nose *muːkᴰ
10 face *ʰnaːᶜ
11 eye *p.taːᴬ
12 mouth *paːkᴰ
13 tongue *liːnᶜ
14 tooth *wanᴬ
15 gum; gill *ʰŋɯəkᴰ
16 saliva *laːjᴬ
17 cheek *keːmᶜ
18 ear *krwɯːᴬ
19 fang *χeːwᶜ
20 chin, jaw *ɢaːŋᴬ
21 beard *momᴮ
22 neck *ɣoːᴬ
23 goiter *ʰniəŋᴬ
24 shoulder *C̥.baːᴮ
25 arm *qeːnᴬ
26 elbow *C̬.swoːkᴰ
27 hand *mwɯːᴬ
28 finger, toe *niːwᶜ
29 fingernail, toenail *C̬.lepᴰ
30 joint *χoːᶜ
31 leg *p.qaːᴬ
32 knee *χowᴮ
33 shin, lower leg *ɣeːŋᴮ
34 foot *tiːnᴬ
35 heel *sɤnᶜ
36 chest *ʔɤkᴰ
37 back *ʰlaŋᴬ
38 waist (1) *ˀjeːwᴬ
39 waist (2) *C̥.wɯǝtᴰ
40 stomach, belly *dwuːŋᶜ
41 navel (1) *ɗwɯːᴬ
42 navel (2) *ɓliːᶜ
43 buttock *konᶜ
44 hair, pubic *ʰmwuːjᴬ
45 vagina *hiːᴬ
46 penis *ɣwajᴬ
47 testicles *tram
48 pubic mound *ʰnawᴮ
49 urine *niəwᴮ
50 excrement *C̬.qɯjᶜ
51 fart *k.tɤtᴰ
52 bone *C̥.dukᴰ
53 marrow, bone *ʔwuːkᴰ
54 tendon *ˀjenᴬ
55 side, ribs *k.raːŋᶜ
56 blood *lɯətᴰ
57 meat, flesh *n.mɤːᶜ
58 skin *ʰnaŋᴬ
59 sweat *r.tɯəᴮ
60 pus *ʰnoːŋᴬ
61 impetigo *kritᴰ
62 wound *ɓaːtᴰ
63 scurf *ɣɯjᴬ
64 brain *ʔeːkᴰ
65 heart, breath *cɤɰᴬ
66 lung *pwɤtᴰ
67 intestine *sajᶜ
68 liver *tapᴰ
69 spleen *maːmᶜ
70 gall bladder, bile *ɓliːᴬ
71 illness, fever *k.raj
72 cold (n.) *q.watᴰ
73 epidemic *raːᴮ
74 kidney-stones *ʰniːwᶜ
75 dog *ʰmaːᴬ
76 pig *ʰmuːᴬ
77 mouse, rat *ʰnuːᴬ
78 water buffalo *ɣwaːjᴬ
79 horse *maːᶜ
80 bear *ʰmwɯjᴬ
81 jackal *nwajᴬ
82 elephant *ɟaːŋᶜ
83 deer *kwɯəŋᴬ
84 antelope *waːlᴬ
85 monkey *liːŋᴬ
86 ape *kaŋᴬ
87 flying squirrel *baːŋᴮ
88 squirrel *roːkᴰ
89 porcupine *ʰmenᶜ
90 civet cat *ʰɲelᴬ
91 otter *naːkᴰ
92 pangolin *lilᴮ
93 chicken *kajᴮ
94 hen, young *C̬.qɤːŋᴮ
95 duck *pitᴰ
96 goose *haːnᴮ
97 bird *C̬.nokᴰ
98 crow *kaːᴬ
99 swallow (n.) *ʔeːnᴮ
100 owl *gawᶜ
101 hawk *lamᴮ
102 fish *plaːᴬ
103 catfish *C̥.dokᴰ
104 shellfish *hoːjᴬ
105 crab *pɯwᴬ
106 shrimp *kuŋᴮ/C
107 shrimp, small *ŋiəwᴬ
108 frog *kɤpᴰ
109 frog, small *krweːᶜ
110 frog, tree *paːtᴰ
111 turtle *tawᴮ
112 tortoise, water *ʰwɯəᴬ
113 snake *ŋwɯːᴬ
114 crocodile *ŋɯəkᴰ
115 leech, land *daːkᴰ
116 leech, aquatic *pliːŋᴬ
117 bedbug *C̬.rɯətᴰ
118 grasshopper *p.takᴰ
119 mosquito *ɲuŋᴬ
120 wasp *b.twiːlᴬ
121 bee *toːᴮ
122 insect *m.leːŋᴬ
123 ant *mɤcᴰ
124 termite *moːtᴰ
125 worm *ʰnoːlᴬ
126 earthworm *t.nɯəlᴬ
127 gadfly *ʰlɯəkᴰ
128 louse, head *trawᴬ
129 tick *trepᴰ
130 flea *ʰmatᴰ
131 louse, body *m.lelᴬ
132 louse, chicken *rwɤjᴬ
133 spider *krwaːwᴬ
134 coconut grub *ɗuəŋᶜ
135 stink bug *geːŋ1
136 caterpillar *C̥.boŋᶜ
137 silkworm *moːnᶜ
138 butterfly *ɓɤːj
139 centipede *q.sipᴰ
140 cockroach *saːpᴰ
141 horn *qawᴬ
142 tusk, ivory *ŋaːᴬ
143 wing (1) *wɯətᴰ
144 wing (2) *piːkᴰ
145 tail *trwɤːŋᴬ
146 scales, fish *klecᶜ
147 fishbone *kaːŋᶜ
148 egg *qraj
149 gizzard *p.taɰᴬ
150 cockscomb *hoːnᴬ
151 cockspur *t.nɤːjᴬ
152 hump of an ox *ʰnoːkᴰ
153 stinger (of a bee) *lajᴬ
154 tree, wood *mwajᶜ
155 leaf *ɓaɰᴬ
156 leaf for wrapping (big) *k.toːŋᴬ
157 flower *ɓloːkᴰ
158 banana blossom *pliːᴬ
159 stem *kaːnᶜ
160 peel, bark *plɯəkᴰ
161 husk *kaːpᴰ
162 thorn *ʰnaːmᴬ
163 fruit *ʰmaːkᴰ
164 sheath, pod *q.wakᴰ
165 grain *m.lecᴰ
166 stump *toːᴬ
167 root *C̬.raːkᴰ
168 clump (as of bamboo) *koːᴬ
169 sprout, shoot *ʰnoːᴮ
170 bamboo shoot *r.naːŋᴬ
171 ear (of rice) *rwɯːŋᴬ
172 rice *C̬.qawᶜ
173 seedling, rice *klaːᶜ
174 rice, husked *saːlᴬ
175 millet *ʰwɯǝŋᶜ
176 resin *ˀjaːŋᴬ
177 banana *kluəjᶜ
178 sugarcane *ʔoːjᶜ
179 bamboo *prajᴮ
180 cucumber, melon *p.rweːŋᴬ
181 ashgourd *wakᴰ
182 wild olive *koːkᴰ
183 starfruit *ɢwɯəŋᴬ
184 plum *manᶜ
185 pomelo *buːkᴰ
186 acacia *geːᴬ
187 banyan *rajᴬ
188 vegetable *prakᴰ
189 morning glory *ɓuŋᶜ
190 mustard green *kaːtᴰ
191 yam *manᴬ
192 taro *prɯəkᴰ
193 ginger *χiːŋᴬ
194 galangal *xaːᴮ
195 sesame *r.ŋaːᴬ
196 tea *ɟaːᴬ
197 raisin *ʔitᴰ
198 rattan *C̥.waːjᴬ
199 reed *ʔoːᶜ
200 grass *ʰɲɯəᶜ
201 grass, thatch *ɣaːᴬ
202 mushroom *ʰrwetᴰ
203 fern *kuːtᴰ
204 duckweed *ʰneːᴬ
205 moss, aquatic *dawᴬ
206 water *C̬.namᶜ
207 fire *wɤjᴬ
208 flame *pleːwᴬ
209 smoke *ɣwanᴬ
210 soot *ʰmiːᶜ
211 firewood, hard *wɯːlᴬ
212 firewood, bamboo *ʰlɯəwᴬ
213 ashes, leaf *brawᴮ
214 ashes (wood) *dawᴮ
215 iron (1) *ʰlekᴰ
216 iron (2) *mwaːᴬ
217 salt *klwɯəᴬ
218 lye *ɗaŋᴮ
219 grease, fat *manᴬ
220 soil *tɯmᴬ
221 earth *ɗin
222 sand *zwɯəjᴬ
223 stone *triːlᴬ
224 dry land *ɓokᴰ
225 wild *C̬.tɯənᴮ
226 forest *ɗoŋᴬ
227 grove, wood *paːᴮ
228 place, ground *diːᴮ
229 mountain *C̥.doːjᴬ
230 mountain, stone *praːᴬ
231 cave *cramᶜ
232 hole *ruːᴬ
233 hole, crack *ɟoːŋᴮ
234 pit *C̬.kumᴬ
235 well, spring *ɓoːᴮ
236 stream, mountain *qrwɤjᶜ
237 creek *roːŋᴮ
238 river *daːᴮ
239 bank, river *ʰwaŋᴮ
240 beach, sandbar *haːtᴰ
241 mud *lɤmᴮ
242 moon, month *ɓlɯənᴬ
243 star (general) *t.naːwᴬ
244 star (in the sky) *ɗiːᴮ
245 moonlight *ʰŋaːjᴬ
246 sunshine *C̥.dwiːtᴰ
247 cloud *ʰwɯəᶜ
248 fog *ʰmoːkᴰ
249 wind *C̬.lɯmᴬ
250 sky, heaven *ɓɯnᴬ
251 sky, weather *vaːᶜ
252 rain *C̥.wɯnᴬ
253 gust (of rain) *kraːᴮ
254 lightning *m.leːpᴰ
255 thunder *praːᶜ
256 hoarfrost *ʰmɯǝjᴬ
257 dew, mist *C̬.nwaːjᴬ
258 hail *trepᴰ
259 steam, vapor *s.ʔwɤːjᴬ
260 shade *rɤmᴮ
261 shadow, reflection *ŋawᴬ
262 dry season *C̬.leːŋᶜ
263 father, man *boːᴮ
264 mother; woman *meːᴮ
265 sibling, older *biːᴮ
266 sibling, younger *nwoːŋᶜ
267 grandfather, paternal *pɯwᴮ
268 grandfather, maternal *taːᴬ
269 grandmother, maternal *naːjᴬ
270 child (offspring) *lɯːkᴰ
271 great-grandparent *ɟɯəᶜ
272 nephew, niece, or grandchild *ʰlaːnᴬ
273 great-grandchild *ʰlenᶜ
274 parent's older brother *luŋᴬ
275 parent's older sister *paːᶜ
276 father's younger sister *ʔaːᴬ
277 mother's younger sibling *naːᶜ
278 father's younger brother *ʔaːwᴬ
279 wife of man's younger brother *lɯǝwᴬ
280 wife *miəᴬ
281 son-in-law *C̬.kɯəjᴬ
282 daughter-in-law *baɰᶜ
283 person, human being *ɢwɯnᴬ
284 child (young person) *ɗekᴰ
285 man, male *ʑaːjᴬ
286 unmarried man *ɓaːwᴮ
287 unmarried woman *saːwᴬ
288 girl *ɓɯːkᴰ
289 lady *naːŋᴬ
290 related by marriage *t.noːŋᴬ
291 widowed *ʰmaːjᶜ
292 orphan *gm̩.raːᶜ
293 name *ɟɤːᴮ
294 master, owner *ɕɤwᶜ
295 slave (1) *χɔːjᴮ
296 slave (2) *kraːᶜ
297 Vietnamese *keːwᴬ
298 shaman *ʰmoːᴬ
299 spirit (1) *priːᴬ
300 spirit (2) *mwaːŋᴬ
301 soul; whorl in the hair *qwanᴬ
302 village *ɓaːnᶜ
303 township *mɯəŋᴬ
304 debt *ʰniːᶜ
305 liquor *ʰlawᶜ
306 medicine *ˀjɯəᴬ
307 vinegar *ʰmiːᴮ
308 flour *ɓɯəᴬ
309 house *rɤːnᴬ
310 granary *ˀjɯǝwᶜ
311 stake *ʰlakᴰ
312 eaves *ʑaːjᴬ
313 door *tuːᴬ
314 stairs, ladder *ɗrwajᴬ
315 pillar *sawᴬ
316 partition, lid *hwaːᴬ
317 split bamboo flooring *waːkᴰ
318 window *taːŋᴮ
319 stool *taŋᴮ
320 tripod *giǝŋᴬ
321 board *peːnᶜ
322 thing *χɔːŋᴬ
323 knife *mitᴰ
324 machete, big knife *ɟm̩.raːᶜ
325 chopping board *χiəŋᴬ
326 spear *kroːkᴰ
327 crossbow *ʰnwɯəᶜ
328 axe *xwaːnᴬ
329 chisel *siəwᴮ
330 hook *xɔːᴬ
331 pliers, thongs *giːmᴬ
332 handle (of a knife) *ɗaːmᶜ
333 handle, rod *galᴬ
334 carrying pole (1) *traːpᴰ
335 carrying pole (2) *ɢaːnᴬ
336 rope, cord *ɟɤːk
337 top for spinning *k.raːŋᴮ
338 basin *ʔaːŋᴮ
339 jug *krajᴬ
340 pot *ʰmoːᶜ
341 tube, bamboo *baŋᴮ/C
342 bag *croŋᴬ
343 cane for walking *dawᶜ
344 comb *ʰrwɯːjᴬ
345 writing, book *sɯːᴬ
346 broom *ɲuːᴬ
347 thread (1) *C̥.daːjᶜ
348 thread (2) *ʰmajᴬ
349 hemp *paːnᴮ
350 loom *trukᴰ
351 shuttle of loom *p.rawᴮ
352 spool *ʰlwuːtᴰ
353 indigo (1) *g.raːmᴬ
354 indigo (2) *kromᶜ
355 bamboo strip for tying or weaving *b.twuːkᴰ
356 needle *qemᴬ
357 strand (of rope) *kliəwᴬ
358 lacquer *rakᴰ
359 bamboo hat *klɤpᴰ
360 puppet, marionette *hunᴮ
361 marking, patterns *C̬.laːjᴬ
362 field, paddy *naːᴬ
363 field, dry *rɤjᴮ
364 field, open *doŋᴮ
365 garden *swɯːnᴬ
366 ditch *ʰmɯəŋᴬ
367 dike between rice fields *ɣalᴬ
368 dam *hwaːjᴬ
369 water pipe *linᴬ
370 plough *crwajᴬ
371 yoke *ʔeːkᴰ
372 yoke, part of *ʔoːŋᶜ
373 mortar (1) *grokᴰ
374 mortar (2) *ʰrumᴬ
375 pestle *saːkᴰ
376 winnowing basket *ɗoŋᶜ
377 bran *ramᴬ
378 straw, stubble *wɯǝŋᴬ
379 fish hook *ɓetᴰ
380 fish net *kreːᴬ
381 fish trap *zajᴬ
382 snare *reːwᶜ
383 gutter, trough *rwɯəŋᴬ
384 cooked in bamboo tube *ʰlaːmᴬ
385 boat *C̬.rwɯəᴬ
386 raft *beːᴬ
387 road *ʰrwɤnᴬ
388 track *rwuːjᴬ
389 saddle *ʔaːnᴬ
390 drum *kloːŋᴬ
391 red *C̥.dwiːŋᴬ
392 black *C̥.damᴬ
393 white *xaːwᴬ
394 green *xiəwᴬ
395 yellow *ʰlɯəŋᴬ
396 dark (red) *klamᴮ
397 gray *ʰmoːŋᴬ
398 white-spotted *ɓlaːŋᴮ
399 clear, clean *saɰᴬ
400 dark *mɯːtᴰ
401 bright, light (n.) *roŋᴮ
402 thin (not fat) *proːmᴬ
403 fat *bwiːᴬ
404 long *rɯjᴬ
405 short (not long) *tinᴮ
406 big (1) *ʰluəŋᴬ
407 big (2) *ɓɯːkᴰ
408 small *noːjᶜ
409 low, short (not tall) *tamᴮ
410 heavy *ʰnakᴰ
411 light (in weight) *C̥.bawᴬ
412 thick *ʰnaːᴬ
413 thin (not thick) *C̥.baːŋᴬ
414 new *ʰmɤːlᴮ
415 old (of living beings) *keːᴮ
416 old (of things) *kawᴮ
417 senior *crawᶜ
418 young, soft *ʔwuːnᴮ
419 raw, not ripe *C̥.dipᴰ
420 hard *k.reːŋᴬ
421 coarse, tough *ʰɲaːpᴰ
422 deep *lɤkᴰ
423 loose *ʰloːmᴬ
424 tight, narrow *gapᴰ
425 steep *ʰliŋᴮ
426 stuck *gaːᴬ
427 straight *zɤːᴮ
428 crooked *gotᴰ2
429 hot *rwuːlᶜ
430 warm *ʔunᴮ
431 blind *ɓoːtᴰ
432 night blind *ʰwaːŋᴬ
433 deaf *ʰnuəkᴰ
434 bitter *C̬.qɤmᴬ
435 astringent in taste *ʰwɯətᴰ
436 sour *sɤmᶜ
437 sweet, delicious *C̥.waːlᴬ
438 insipid *cɯːtᴰ
439 core *keːlᴮ
440 fragrant *hoːmᴬ
441 stinky *ʰmenᴬ
442 putrid *xwiːwᴬ
443 fishy *ɣaːwᴬ
444 empty *plɤwᴮ
445 full *k.temᴬ
446 deficient *broːŋᴮ
447 good *ɗɤjᴬ
448 bad *rwɤːjᶜ
449 long (of time) *hɤŋᴬ
450 slow *naːnᴬ
451 late *ʰlaːᶜ
452 near *k.raɰᶜ
453 far *k.lajᴬ
454 face down *qwamᶜ
455 face up *ʰŋaːjᴬ
456 sharp-pointed *ʰleːmᴬ
457 sharp, sharp edge *ɣɤmᴬ
458 slippery, smooth *m.lɯːlᴮ
459 sticky *ʰniəwᴬ
460 liquid, soft *ʰleːwᴬ
461 rotten *nawᴮ
462 withered *ʰriəwᴮ
463 dried up *ʰreːŋᶜ
464 dry *χaɰᴮ
465 wet *domᴬ
466 mute *ŋwamᶜ
467 dumb *ɓɤɰᶜ
468 easy *ŋaːjᴮ
469 drunk (1) *mawᴬ
470 drunk (2) *mwiːᴬ
471 sterile *ʰmanᴬ
472 entangled *ɲuŋᴮ/C
473 blistered *boːŋᴬ
474 expensive *beːŋᴬ
475 familiar *gunᶜ
476 asleep *ɗakᴰ
477 hungry *ˀjɯǝkᴰ
478 satiated *ʔiːmᴮ
479 swollen *gaɰᴮ
480 stiff and tired *mɯəjᴮ
481 tired, exhausted *ʰnɯəjᴮ
482 lazy *kliːkᴰ
483 tired, bored *ʰnaːjᴮ
484 idle, free *ɗwɤːjᴬ
485 disgusted *ɓɯəᴮ
486 crazy *ɓaːᶜ
487 hurt (1) *cepᴰ
488 hurt (2) *keːtᴰ
489 torn *qaːtᴰ
490 plugged *sakᴬ
491 bruised (1) *ɟamᶜ
492 bruised (2) *wokᴰ
493 lost *ʰloŋᴬ
494 alive *ɲaŋᴬ
495 strong, strength *reːŋᴬ
496 weave, to (cloth) *tamᴮ
497 dye, to *ɲwuːmᶜ
498 sew, to *ɲepᴰ
499 embroider, to *seːwᴮ
500 weave, to (baskets, mats) *saːn
501 sow, to; scatter, to *C̥.waːlᴮ
502 transplant, to *t.namᴬ
503 plant, to *plwɯːkᴰ
504 sift, to *qrɤŋᴬ
505 imprison, to *k.raŋᴬ
506 hunt, to *p.rawᴮ
507 mark, to; aim, to *ʰmaːjᴬ
508 shoot, to *ɲɯŋᴬ
509 poison (fish), to *C̥.bɯəᴬ
510 tend animal, to *ɟɯǝŋᶜ
511 raise, to *liəŋᶜ
512 make noise, to *ɗaŋᴬ
513 differ, to *taːŋᴮ
514 count, to *napᴰ
515 heap up, to *koːŋᴬ
516 weigh, to *ɟaŋᴮ
517 announce, to *paːwᴮ
518 answer, to *χaːnᴬ
519 ask, to *c.raːmᴬ
520 beg, to *k.roːᴬ
521 order, to; blow the nose, to *saŋᴮ
522 scold, to; revile, to *ɗaːᴮ
523 warn, to *tɯǝnᴬ
524 weep, to *t.hajᶜ
525 moan, to *graːŋᴬ
526 bark, to *ʰrawᴮ
527 crow, to *χalᴬ
528 laugh, to *krɯəwᴬ
529 recite, to *ʔaːnᴮ
530 open (the mouth), to *ʔaːᶜ
531 eat, to *kɯɲᴬ
532 chew, to *giəwᶜ
533 lick, to *C̬.lwiəᴬ
534 put out of the mouth, to *ɣaːjᴬ
535 vomit, to *rwɯəkᴰ
536 take a bite, to *katᴰ
537 hold in the mouth, to *ʔɤmᴬ
538 bite, to *C̬.qɤpᴰ
539 nibble, to; peck, to *tɔːtᴰ
540 kiss, to *cuːpᴰ
541 yawn, to *ʰraːwᴬ
542 blow, to *powᴮ
543 snore, to *klɤlᴬ
544 cough, to *ʔajᴬ
545 hold the breath, to *klanᶜ
546 hug, to; embrace, to *koːtᴰ
547 build, to *koːᴮ
548 close (the eyes), to *ʰlapᴰ
549 lie down, to, sleep, to *nwɯːnᴬ
550 incubate, to *wakᴰ
551 hold in the jaws, to *gaːpᴰ
552 hold in the closed hand, to *kamᴬ
553 take up in the two cupped hands, to *koːpᴰ
554 pick up, to *ˀjipᴰ
555 grasp, to; perch, to *capᴰ
556 squeeze, to *galᶜ
557 pinch, to *ʰniːpᴰ
558 raise, to *ɲɤkᴰ
559 lift, to *ɲoːᴬ
560 carry in the arms, to *ʔuːmᶜ
561 carry (a bag), to *triːwᶜ
562 carry on the back, to *trwaːmᴬ
563 pull, to; drag, to *C̬.laːkᴰ
564 bend over, to *kɤmᶜ
565 turn upside down or inside out, to *pliːnᶜ
566 lean back, to *ʔiːŋᴬ
567 point, to *ɟiːᶜ
568 stroke, to; caress, to *C̬.luːpᴰ
569 scratch, to *kawᴬ
570 put, to *s.cɤːlᴮ
571 snap, to *ɓliːtᴰ
572 stamp (on), to *dɯːpᴰ
573 step on, to (1) *ɲamᴮ
574 step on, to (2) *ˀjiǝpᴰ
575 repeat, to *zamᶜ
576 tremble, to *salᴮ
577 shake, to *C̥.wajᴬ
578 wrestle, to *plamᶜ
579 twist, to; wring, to *ɓitᴰ
580 stretch out, to *ˀjiətᴰ
581 sit, to *naŋᴮ
582 come, to *ʰmaːᴬ
583 go, to *pajᴬ
584 arrive, to *C̬.tɤŋᴬ
585 go upward, to *mɯəᴬ
586 ascend to *χɯnᶜ
587 descend, to *n̩.loŋᴬ
588 enter, to *χawᶜ
589 exit, to *ʔoːkᴰ
590 cross, to *χaːmᶜ
591 cross over, to *kwaːᴮ
592 drop, to *tokᴰ
593 fall off, to *ʰlɤnᴮ
594 fall down, to *lɤmᶜ
595 slip and fall, to *blaːtᴰ
596 stand, to *C̥.ɟɯːnᴬ
597 walk, to *praːjᶜ
598 fly, to *ɓilᴬ
599 crawl, to *g.lwɤːnᴬ
600 crawl over, to *twajᴮ
601 climb, to *piːnᴬ
602 flow, to *ʰlwajᴬ
603 flood, to *C̬.tuǝmᴮ
604 spill, to *ɓaːᴮ
605 pour, to *rwaːtᴰ
606 swim, to *loːjᴬ
607 float, to *wuːᴬ
608 sink, to *cɤmᴬ
609 dive, to *ɗamᴬ
610 close, to *hapᴰ
611 revolve, to; spin, to *panᴮ
612 go hungry, to *ʔɤtᴰ
613 hate, to *ɟaŋᴬ
614 quit, to *ˀjaːᴮ
615 see, to *tranᴬ
616 hear, to *ŋinᴬ
617 taste, to *ɟimᴬ
618 smell (tr.), to *ɗɤmᴬ
619 forget, to *lɯːmᴬ
620 dream, to *hwanᴬ
621 believe, to *ɟɯǝᴮ
622 recognize, to *cakᴰ
623 know, to *rɯːwᶜ
624 be, to; b̩ecome, to *m̩.pelᴬ
625 be (in a place), to *ˀjuːᴮ
626 fear, to (1) *ʰlaːwᴬ
627 fear, to (2) *jaːnᶜ
628 itch, to (1) *ɣalᴬ
629 itch, to (2) *ɣomᴬ
630 seek, to *kraᴬ
631 join, to *toːᴮ
632 divide, to *panᴬ
633 separate, to *braːkᴰ
634 castrate, to *toːnᴬ
635 cut, to *tacᴰ
636 slash, to *walᴬ
637 chop, to *tramᶜ
638 weed, to *ɓlaːjᴬ
639 break, to *t.rakᴰ
640 burst, to *p.reːkᴰ
641 pluck, to *C̥.decᴰ
642 take down, to; put down, to *ploŋᴬ
643 peel, to *poːkᴰ
644 hammer, to *ɣoːlᶜ
645 pound, to *tamᴬ
646 pound (rice), to *zoːmᶜ
647 slap, to *tɤpᴰ
648 pound, to (2) *dupᴬ
649 pound, to (1) *toːkᴰ
650 come into contact, to *C̬.tɯːkᴰ
651 tie, to *cm̩.rukᴰ
652 tie up, to *laːmᴮ
653 undo, to; untie, to *keːᶜ
654 fold, to *bapᴰ
655 fold double, to *dopᴰ
656 stretch, to *ɲɯːtᴰ
657 erect, to *taŋᶜ
658 plug (a hole), to *ʔwɯtᴰ
659 salt, to *ʔɯǝpᴰ
660 pickle, to *ɗoːŋᴬ
661 soak, to (2) *ʰmaːᴮ
662 scoop, to *takᴰ
663 soak, to (1) *ɟeːᴮ
664 burn (intr.), to *ʰmajᶜ
665 burn (tr.), to *prawᴬ
666 roast, to *ˀjɯəŋᶜ
667 boil (tr.), to *tomᶜ
668 boil (intr.), to *ɗɤːtᴰ
669 scald, to *luəkᴰ
670 cook (rice), to *truŋᴬ
671 steam, to *ʰnɯŋᶜ
672 make a fire, to *ɗaŋᴬ
673 extinguish, to *ɗapᴰ
674 roof, to *mwuŋᴬ
675 cover (with cloth), to *hɤmᴮ
676 deceive, to *braːŋᴬ
677 buy, to *z.ɟɯːᶜ
678 sell, to *p.qaːj
679 borrow, to *ˀjɯːmᴬ
680 defeat, to; be defeated, to *beːᶜ
681 have, to *miːᴬ
682 take, to *ʔawᴬ
683 obtain, to *ɗajᶜ
684 pick, to *kepᴰ
685 steal, to *C̬.lakᴰ
686 give, to *haɰᶜ
687 dust off, to *pacᴰ
688 sweep, to *kwaːtᴰ
689 wipe, to *ɟetᴰ
690 rinse, to *C.lwɤːŋᶜ
691 wash (clothes), to *zakᴰ
692 wash, to *zaːwᴬ
693 bathe, to *ʔaːpᴰ
694 teach, to *soːlᴬ
695 rest, to *bakᴰ
696 wait, to *craːᶜ
697 be left over, to *ʰlɯəᴬ
698 leak, to *rwoːᴮ
699 awaken (someone), to *plokᴰ
700 wake up, to *k.tɯːnᴮ
701 grow, to; rise, to *ʰmaːᶜ
702 shrink, to *ʰrotᴰ
703 disappear, to *ʰrwɤːjᴬ
704 die, to *p.taːjᴬ
705 kill, to *qaːᶜ
706 expose to the sun, to *p.raːkᴰ
707 hang up, to *qweːnᴬ
708 hang down, to *hoːjᶜ
709 smear, to *daːᴬ
710 lay (a cloth, etc.) across, to *baːtᴰ
711 drive away, to *k.rapᴰ
712 chase, to *lajᴮ
713 be finished, to *leːwᶜ
714 to commission *ʑaɰᶜ
715 entrust, to *ʰwaːkᴰ
716 pronoun, 1s (weak) *kuːᴬ
717 pronoun, 1s (strong) *kawᴬ
718 pronoun, 2s (weak) *mɯŋᴬ
719 pronoun, 2s (strong) *maɰᴬ
720 pronoun, 3s (weak) *mɯnᴬ
721 pronoun, 3s (strong) *manᴬ
722 pronoun, 1p *rawᴬ
723 one *nɯːŋᴮ
724 two *soːŋᴬ
725 three *saːm
726 four *siːᴮ
727 five *haːᶜ
728 six *krokᴰ
729 seven *cetᴰ
730 eight *peːtᴰ
731 nine *kɤwᶜ
732 hundred; string, to *roːjᶜ
733 single, only one *ɗiəwᴬ
734 pair *guːᴮ
735 how many, several *kiːᶜ
736 all *daŋᴬ
737 many, much *ʰlaːjᴬ
738 little, few *ʰnoːjᴮ
739 one or so, any *sakᴰ
740 half *grɤŋᴮ
741 each other, together *kanᴬ
742 other *ʔɯːnᴮ
743 measure from thumb to fingertip *ɣɯːpᴰ
744 bite (n.), speech *gamᴬ
745 classifier for things *ʔalᴬ
746 cord, string *saːjᴬ
747 classifier for long, thin, object *selᶜ
748 classifier for tools *mwaːkᴰ
749 litter (of young) *groːkᴰ
750 time (classifier) *bajᴬ
751 name of first month *ciǝŋᴬ
752 last (year) *klaːjᴬ
753 daytime *ŋwanᴬ
754 night *ɣɯːnᴬ
755 day *mwɯːᶜ
756 morning, early *ɟawᶜ
757 night *ɣamᴮ
758 late at night *ɗɯkᴰ
759 meal, early *ŋaːjᴬ
760 meal, late *C̬.lwiːŋᴬ
761 meal, evening *ɟm̩.rawᴬ
762 day before yesterday *zɯːnᴬ
763 yesterday *ŋwaːᴬ
764 tomorrow *ɟm̩.rukᴰ
765 day after tomorrow *C̬.rɯːᴬ
766 year *piːᴬ
767 upstream, above *ʰnɯəᴬ
768 downstream, below *taɰᶜ
769 below *lwɤːŋᴮ
770 inside *C̥.daɰᴬ
771 outside *l̩.noːkᴰ
772 middle *klaːŋᴬ
773 side *C̥.bɯǝŋᶜ
774 this *najᶜ
775 before *koːnᴮ
776 tip, end *plaːjᴬ
777 tip, highest point *ɲoːtᴰ
778 edge *riːmᴬ
779 gradually, slowly *gɔːjᴮ
780 not (strong 1) *ɓawᴮ
781 not (strong 2) *boːᴮ
782 not (weak) *miːᴬ
783 not yet *pajᴮ
784 do not *ʰɲaːᴮ
785 which *ɗaɰᴬ
786 also *koːᶜ
787 with, and *kapᴰ
788 matter *ɣwaːmᴬ

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Pittayaporn, Pittayawat. 2009. The Phonology of Proto-Tai. Ph.D. dissertation. Department of Linguistics, Cornell University.
Vocabulary lists of Southeast Asian languages
Sino-Tibetan

p-Tibeto-Burman • Old Chinese (basic) • p-Southern Min • Greater Bai • p-Tujia • p-Naish • p-Ersuic • Guiqiong • p-Lalo • Akha • Kathu • Gong • p-Karenic • p-Luish • p-Bodo-Garo • Kuki-Chin • Mru • p-W. Tibetan • Zakhring • Tshangla • Kho-Bwa • Mey • p-Puroik • p-Hrusish • Koro • Greater Siangic • Raji-Raute • Dhimalish • Baram-Thangmi • Bhujel • p-Kham • Dura • Bunan • (Nepal)

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p-Austroasiatic • p-Munda • p-Khasian • p-Palaungic • Quang Lam • p-Khmuic • p-Pakanic • p-Vietic • p-Katuic • p-Bahnaric • p-Pearic • p-Khmeric • p-Monic • p-Aslian • p-Nicobarese

Hmong-Mien

p-Hmong-Mien • Hmong-Mien • p-Hmongic • Pa-Hng • Pana • p-Mienic • Mienic

Kra-Dai

p-Kra • Laha • Qabiao • Gelao • p-Kam-Sui • Kam-Sui (Hunan) • p-Lakkia • p-Tai • p-Be • Jizhao • p-Hlai • Jiamao