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Appendix:1000 Japanese basic words

NounsEdit

PeopleEdit

OccupationsEdit

BodyEdit

FamilyEdit

LifeEdit

AnimalsEdit

PlantsEdit

CropsEdit

FoodEdit

DrinkEdit

SeasoningEdit

TimeEdit

Week DaysEdit

WeatherEdit

Directions and positionsEdit

MaterialsEdit

Weights and measuresEdit

SocietyEdit

Human made objectsEdit

HomeEdit

ToolsEdit

StationeryEdit

ClothesEdit

TransportEdit

LanguageEdit

MediaEdit

ColorsEdit

OthersEdit

NumbersEdit

Abstract nounsEdit

AdjectivesEdit

FormsEdit

FeelingsEdit

VerbsEdit

ExistenceEdit

in intransitive sense

MovementEdit

ActionsEdit

Changes of stateEdit

SensesEdit

SpeechEdit

WorkEdit

EmotionsEdit

ActivitiesEdit

tr transitive sense
in intransitive sense
conjugates as a u-verb

AdverbsEdit

Pre-noun adjectivalEdit

InterjectionsEdit

ConjunctionsEdit

Terminations of verbsEdit

  • よう – volitional ending [う for u-verbs, よう for ru-verbs]: "Let's…" or "I will" (u, )
  • せるさせる – causative ending [せる for u-verbs, させる for ru-verbs]: to make [someone do something], to allow (seru, saseru)
  • れるられる – passive verb ending [れる for u-verbs, られる for ru-verbs]: to be <verbed> [e.g., 食べられる, "to be eaten"] (reru, rareru)
  • そうだ – indicates that it seems the verb occurs [e.g., "It seems he ate"] (sōda)
  • – informal past-tense (ta)
  • たい – indicates desire to perform verb (tai)
  • だろう – indicates that it seems the verb occurs; also used to ask whether the verb occurs (darō)
  • ない, – informal negative (nai, n) [ん is a slurred version and sounds a little masculine]
  • – archaic informal negative ["he hath", "thou didst", etc.] (nu)
  • ます – formal non-past ending (masu)

ParticlesEdit

CaseEdit

  • – subject marker, but (ga)
  • – at, by (de)
  • – and, with (to)
  • – indirect object marker (ni)
  • – possession marker, of (no)
  • – to (e) [Note: へ is normally read he, but when used as this particle its reading changes to e]
  • まで – to (made)
  • から – from (kara)
  • より – than (yori)
  • – direct object marker (o)

ConjunctiveEdit

  • および及び – and; as well as (oyobi)
  • – whether (ka)
  • かも – might be, possible that (kamo)
  • そして – and then (soshite)
  • それとも – or (soretomo)
  • だの – things like <list of things>, including, such things as (dano)
  • つつ – ongoing occurrence (tsutsu) [similar to ながら but has different tone, and both actions have equal weight]
  • te form of verb or adjective [see explanation]
  • – when, if, that (to)
  • ながら – while, though, both (nagara)
  • ならびに – as well as (narabini)
  • なり – whether or not (nari)
  • – to <somewhere>, by <someone> (ni)
  • – possession (no)
  • ので – so (node)
  • また – also, again (mata)
  • または又は – or alternatively (matawa)
  • – also, too (mo)
  • – and (ya)

FinalEdit

  • – emphasis and question marker, equivalent to "right?" (ne)
  • – question marker (ka)
  • – the copula particle used after quasi-adjectives (na)
  • かしら – I wonder (kashira)
  • – -ness (sa)
  • っけ – particle indicating that the speaker is trying to recall some information ["What class is next -kke?"] (-kke)

AdverbialEdit

  • こそ – emphasis (koso)
  • さえ – even (sae)
  • しか – only (shika)
  • すら – even (sura)
  • くらいぐらい – approximately, about (kurai)
  • だけ – only, as much as (dake)
  • だって – however (datte)
  • ったら – casual topic marker (ttara) [colloquial form of to ittara (if you refer to ~; as for ~]
  • って – said that (tte)
  • でも – also, or (demo)
  • どころ – (particle used to indicate that what precedes it is an extreme example and strongly negates it) (dokoro)
  • など – for example (nado)
  • なら – if [for verbs]; subject marker [for nouns] (nara)
  • なんか – casual undervalue, dislike, lack (nanka)
  • なんて – casual undervalue, dislike, lack (nante)
  • – topic marker (wa) [although ha is the hiragana used, wa is the pronunciation)
  • ばかりばっかり – just, full of, only (bakari)
  • まで – until (made)
  • – too, also (mo)